News – September 15, 1914

Carleton Place Herald

September 15, 1914


On September 15th trenches were first dug on the Western Front

The retirement of the German army virtually all along the line in France continues, according to French official reports, and advices from Switzerland describe the profound impression the news of the German retreat has created along the Swiss-German frontier and in various parts of Germany.

The Belgians have taken the offensive and are reported to have cut the German line of communication, forcing them to use the line through the Meuse Valley and Luxemberg.

Saskatchewan’s offer of 1,500 horses to the Imperial Government has been accepted.

Hon. Duncan Marshall, Minister of Agriculture for Alberta, speaking at the Exhibition, urged that Canada’s greatest war duty was to grow crops and raise food.

A combination automobile and motorboat that will run equally well on smooth roads or rough ground or in deep or shallow water has been invented by a New York man.

Twenty-one train loads of booty collected on the Marne battlefield have been brought into Vincennes since Sunday morning, says a Reuter despatch from Paris.  The spoils of war include eleven guns, seven motor wagons filled with ammunition, four mitrailleuses, three aeroplanes, two large flat cars piled with helmets, rifles, swords and cartridges, besides gun carriages and wagons of different kinds.  It is estimated that since the beginning of last week about thirty guns, thirty mitrailleuses and forty wagons have been captured from the Germans, in addition to a considerable quantity of ammunition.





War News – Carleton Place Herald, September 8 & 10, 1914

C.P.R. Men to Give $100,000

A donation of $100,00 will probably be made to the Canadian patriotic fund by employees of the Canadian Pacific Railway.  Mr. H. B. Ames, M.P., who is secretary of the fund, stated a day or two ago, that it was understood arrangements were under way by which the railway men would relinquish a day’s pay and thus contribute the $100,000.

The Postmaster-general has issued instructions to the different postmasters and inspectors throughout the country for the resumption of money order business between Canada and Great Britain, on a modified basis.

Instead of lumbermen in Ottawa and district sending from 30,000 to 35,000 men to the camps this year as they intended before the war broke out, not more than 15,000 will be employed, so it is learned from a reliable source.

Families of Soldiers To Be Provided For:

The government has approved of a separation allowance of $20 a month being paid to wives and families of married men serving with the Canadian expeditionary force.  This will be paid direct to the wives and families by the paymaster general’s office, Dejpt. Of Militia and Defence, Ottawa.  Rolls of the married men are now being prepared at Valcartier, and as soon as they are received at Ottawa, the work of issuing checks will begin.  This allowance will also be paid to the wives and families of those left at Valcartier after the contingent sails.  The government reserves the right, however, of withholding this allowance from any who are in receipt of pay from two sources.

Volunteer Army:

Of all the armies engaged in the present war only the British is a volunteer army.  Not a soldier from Great Britain will be engaged with the army or navy who is not in the service by his own choice.  Not one from the British self governing Dominions will be at the front who has not offered himself for this particular service.

Enlistment is Urged:

London, Sept. 5 – In the historic Guildhall of London, Premier Asquith yesterday started the crusade to stimulate enlistment under the British flag, which he intends to push throughout the country.   He is calling upon every able-bodied Briton of military age to come to the help of his country in the hour of need.

The Premier opened his address with the hearteing announcement that up to to-day between 250,000 and 300,00 recruits had responded to the call of Lord Kitchener, the Secretary of War.

London, September 5:

Taking advantage of the checking of the German force’s right wing, obliging it to retire on St. Quentin, the French are furiously completing, with hundreds of thousands of workmen, the new mammoth entrenchments about the French capital.

There is general rejoicing in Paris, in spite of the nervous apprehension felt over the approach of the Teutons, because in the battle at Verdun, in which the Germans were defeated, it was reported that the Kaiser himself and the Crown Prince directed the attack in person.  This battle is described in dispatches from Berlin as the greatest in the history of France, in that 750,000 men were engaged.

Summary of War News:

The Russian army operating in Galicia is reported still to be driving back the Austrians.

The German losses so far in the war exceed a quarter of a million.

The latest casualty list issued by the British War Office comprises 4,796 men.  The two previous lists accounted for 10,355 killed, wounded and missing, making a total of 15,151.  It is explained that a number of the missing will rejoin their corps, having become separated therefrom during the fighting.

After desperate fighting the Austrians suffered terrible losses at the hands of the Russians.

The Canadian cruiser Niobe has been put into commission, and is now under the orders of the British admiralty.  The Niobe is expected to play an important part in patrolling the Atlantic ocean.

Summary of News:

An aerial battle was fought over Paris between French and German aeroplanists.

The French Government has been temporarily transferred from Paris to Bordeaux.

The Minister of Militia has been offered a motorcycle corps by a number of Montrealers.

The flour bags containing Canada’s gift to the motherland will probably be sold as souvenirs at $1 each, the money to go to the Belgians in recognition of their heroism.

The Provincial Government is understood to be planning good roads work in co-operation with municipalities with a view to grappling with the unemployment problem.

Twenty-five thousand Indians in Canada from the Gulf of St. Lawrence to British Columbia are in peril of starvation through closing of the fur markets owing to the war.

A hundred thousand dollars has been placed by the Dominion Government wit the Acting High Commissioner in London for the relief and assistance of Canadians abroad.

There are 75,000 Russian reservists in Canada.  They have not yet been called home, but they are applying in great numbers to be sent there.  If they are ordered to go they will proceed by way of the Canadian Pacific to Vladivostok.

The purchasing agents of the Grand Trunk and Grand Trunk Pacific railways have been ordered to buy everything required by these lines in Canada and Great Britain wherever possible.  For some years past German firms have been selling the companies large orders of steel goods and other railway supplies, and all orders outstanding have been cancelled.









War News – Carleton Place Herald, September 1, 1914



Germans Make Little Attempt to Stem Russian Advance

It is officially stated in St. Petersburg that an attack on the German capital is anticipated in three weeks – Russia has now four armies of two million men each – Will isolate Forts.

London, Aug. 28 – The Rome Tribuna’s correspondent at St. Petersburg says that the Russians are now operating in western Prussia, and are marching on Danzig in immense numbers.  The population is in flight.  It is stated that there is a panic in Berlin.



British Dead After Sea Fight Number Only 29

London, Aug. 31 – An official statement issued last night says that of 1,200 men composing the crews of the five German warships sunk off Heligoland only 330 were saved.

Twenty-nine killed and thirty eight wounded was the price in men paid by the British for the success.




British Forces Have Not Been Molested Since Thursday

Losses in four days fighting last week amounted to between 5,000 and 6,000, but gaps have been filled twice over and men refitted – Positions were fiercely contested.

London, Aug. 31 – After four days of desperate fighting, the British army in France, is rested, refitted and reinforced for the next great battle, according to an announcement yesterday by Lord Kitchener, Secretary of State for War.



Women’s Institute To Help in War Effort

Carleton Place Herald

September 1, 1914


“From – Ontario Dept. of Agriculture, Toronto, Aug. 22, 1914:

Editor Herald.

Dear Sir : – A number of the Women’s Institutes in the Province responded most liberally to the appeal for funds to supply a hospital ship to the Imperial Navy.  Many others are prepared to give money donations and to supply articles of clothing, etc., to the soldiers.  In view of the fact that many inquiries have been made of the Department, have circulated the Institutes giving them authority to send such proportion of the funds on hand as they can spare to the Red Cross Society.  They have also been asked to do their part in collecting funds and supplying the articles listed below…..

Abbreviated List of Requirements: -

3000 Pillows, and slips for the same.

3000 to 4000 Flannel Shirts – Sizes – 15 to 17 ½ made of medium weight, grey or khaki color.

10,000 to 12,000 Handkerchiefs….made of cheese cloth.

2,000 to 3,000 Cholera Belts, to be made of ordinary yarn, either red or grey, two inches of each end to be knitted with steel needles, and centre eight inches to be knitted with bone needles.

Cholera Belt definition :

The cholera belt was an article of clothing commonly worn as a preventative measure by British soldiers serving in India, where cholera was endemic. Basically a waistband or cummerbund made of flannel or silk, the belt was supposed to keep away the cold and damp, the theory being that a chilled abdomen would lead to cholera, dysentery, diarrhea, and other gastrointestinal ailments. Doctors realized fairly early on that cholera had little to do with cold and damp and was in fact caused by fecal bacteria in drinking water. But military inertia being what it was, use of the belt persisted until after World War II.

6,000 to 7,000 Pairs of Socks – Grey preferred.

5,000 Housewives or Mending Kits – containing safety pins, sewing and darning needles, small straight scissors, buttons (ordinary shirt and bachelor), black and white linen thread, small package of court plaster, and foot ease powder, if possible.  Sew tape on end for ties.

Money donations as well as supplies should be addressed to the Tresurer of the Red Cross Society, 56 King St. East, Toronto.”

Local War News – Carleton Place Herald, September 1, 1914

More of Our Boys to the Front

“In addition to the Carleton Place contingent with the 42nd Regt., many more of our boys have enlisted in the defence of the empire.  Howard Maguire passed through last week from Saskatchewan and his brother Trevor went out from Ottawa.  Alex. Shaw, son of Mr. W. A. Shaw, and Walter Rogers, son of Mr. James Rogers, also went through with the western boys, also Peter Anderson, nephew of Mr. Andrew Neilson.”


When the 42nd Left Perth

“One on the spot contributed the following particulars to the Lanark Era:

‘Der tag’ has long been a toast in the German army.  Around the banquet table officers clink their glasses and enthusiastically drink as the toast passes.  In plain English this toast means “The day.”  Although its original significance is lost in the mists of antiquity, its present import points to the coming of the day when the Fatherland would stand the supreme test of its military might and efficiency.  The day is here.  Over the main hall of the Exhibition grounds floats the Union Jack, troops occupy the spaces round about, and on all sides one see preparations for war.  It is the date scheduled for the departure of the first overseas contingent of the 42nd.  The men are impatient to get away.  Order succeeds order in rapid sequence, each one deferring the hour of leaving until Lieut. Col. Balderson rushes in a high power motor, and announces to his subordinate officers that the train has been definitely tabled.  The hour of going is 9:30 p.m.  Instantly there is a leaping to arms and the collecting of such articles of accoutrement as have been left unpacked until the last moment.  It takes but a few minutes to get ready.  Out of the unknown appears transport waggon, officers direct the loading, which, in less time than it takes to tell it, is piled high with kit bags and away to the station.  Out of the number of volunteers offering their services a few have been rejected and already there are scenes of leave taking.  Among the rejected is a young fellow, who, with his brother, had volunteered to serve.  His brother was accepted, but he himself was left behind.  As the full meaning of the separation burst upon him he rushed to his brother, clasped him by the hand, and said, “Well, good-bye Jack,” and kissed him.  The contingent is largely Canadian.  Of the 131 men bound for Valcartier 83 are Canadian, 36 English, 10 Scotch, 4 Irish, and 1 American.  Each man is furnished with a small testament which he tucks away carefully in his kit bag for future use.  One of the men, Serg. J. H. Brown, of Carleton Place, had two, one of which he gave the writer as a souvenir.  It has been inscribed with words explaining the occasion and the gift, and will be long treasured in commemoration of Canada’s part in this Continental war.

As the transport waggon rolled away from sight a lusty cheer went up from the soldiers who were soon to follow.  There are eleven married men in the force.  So sudden has this all come about that many of them have not had time to say good-bye to wives and babes.  The phone rings and we hear farewells, “Good-bye, loved ones until the war is over.”  But this is not the time for weeping.  Men must be up and doing.  By seven o’clock, the troops are ready.  Adjutant Captain T. R. Caldwell forms the lines and reports to his Colonel “All correct, sir.”  The Colonel assumes command, and away they go headed by the brass band, greycoats bandoliered, in lines of four, Lieut. Col. Balderson at the head, behind him Adjutant Capt. Caldwell, Quarter Master Ed deHertel, Captains Wilson and Hall, Lieuts. Barnett, Morris Donisthrope, Morris Gardner and Malloch, and marching beside the troops, the two active service officers, Captain Hooper and Lieut. Scott.  “The British Grenadiers” is the tune that sets the pace out of the gates.  As the troops march through the town great crowds of people line the pavements.  Cheer upon cheer sweeps along, the ladies clap hands and wave handkerchiefs, the men march in grim silence until they reach a point in town where the crowds are greatest; then as the band starts up the notes of “The Maple Leaf Forever,” the troops take up the strain and it carries along in measured cadences from housetop to housetop.  Chaplain Capt. Rev. D. C. MacIntosh is with the boys.  When they arrive at the station he and the Colonel face the men at the halt.  Then follows a scene which shall long remain to memory.  The Colonel addresses his men.  He explains Britain’s position and Canada’s duty in the present crisis.  He recalls the glorious traditions of the Black Watch, and commits to the keeping of the men before him the unsullied reputation which falls to their lot as soldiers of the king.  He is followed by the Chaplain, who speaks straight to the hearts.  “I know you will not fail,” he exclaims.  “As I look into your faces I see determination, resolution, patriotism, courage and victory.  Go forth, then, my men, in this war of righteousness and may God be with you.”  The Chaplain’s address was most impressive.  At its close there were a few moments of silent prayer, and then the whole crowd of over 2,000 souls repeated aloud “The Lord’s Prayer.”  Col. Balderson called Capt. Hooper to his side.  “Capt. Hooper,” said he, “I now give these men into your charge, take care of them.”

The men are now at Valcartier in training.  In a few weeks they will be on the high seas steaming to the front.  They may spend a few days in England, but much depends on the turn of the war.  Our own representatives, Arthur Brown and Roy McIntyre, are in the front rank of the troop.  It is likely they will be merged into a regiment composed of various units.  We shall all follow their part in the campaign with interest in their welfare and prayers for their safety.  Serg. Pearce, of Perth gave up his position in the Bank of Montreal and joined the ranks as a private.  Among the soldiers is a private named Wilson, the sweet singer of the 42nd.  He entertained his comrades before leaving with a number of ballads.  They formed a ring around him and we shall never forget the sweetness of his voice as he sang “The Boys of the Old Brigade” and other war songs….

Mr. T. B. Caldwell, presented each soldier with a pair of socks – a useful and highly appreciated gift.  The ladies of Perth gave each soldier of the Perth Company a “Housewife Kit,” consisting of needles, pins, thread, buttons, sticking plaster, chocolate and chewing gum.  Col. Balderson and his officers have successfully staged the first act in the war drama played by this district.  In the face of many difficulties they were able to raise and send to the front perhaps the largest contingent to go from any rural Canadian regiment. Capt. Hooper and Lieut. Scott are with the men, the former in charge.  Hooper has seen service in South Africa and is a brave and competent officer.”

The McDiarmid Brothers of Carleton Place and World War I

McDiarmid Brothers

We are so honoured and proud to share with you this local documentary prepared in 2007 to commemorate the 90th anniversary of the Battle at Vimy Ridge produced by our summer student, Emma Kinsman. The video was presented and placed at the Perth Regional Historica Fair in 2007.

The video centers on the McDiarmid brothers of Carleton Place. Four of the six McDiarmid brothers enlisted in the First World War with only 1 returning home. Harold and Victor McDiarmid were killed at Vimy Ridge, and Arthur, who returned home to die after being exposed to poisonous gas.

Following the war, Mary McDiarmid and her only surviving veteran son, Leo, unveiled the Cenotaph in Carleton Place which was created to honour the town’s fallen sons.

Please watch Emma’s video at the site below:




War News – Carleton Place Herald, 24 August, 1914

“Lord Kitchener’s message to the departing troops is typical of the man.  Throughout his career he has placed his belief in the policy of putting Tommy on his honor instead of hedging him about with regulations.  He urges the soldiers to be more than courteous to women, and to avoid drinking liquor to excess.”

“Just as we go to press this afternoon we learn that our local stove manufacturers – Messrs. Findlay Bros. – have received a rush order from the Militia Department for a carload of army ranges to be shipped at once by express to Valcartier.  Another illustration of how closely we are related to the present great war.”

“Major Richardson, the famous trainer of dogs for police, city and ambulance work in London has left England for Belgium, and has taken with him a number of bloodhounds specially trained for ambulance purposes.  Mr. Richardson is to be with the British Red Cross, and the dogs will help search for the wounded of the allied armies on the battlefield.

The dogs are specially valuable in rocky places, or where the ground is covered with bush and undergrowth.  They are also particularly serviceable in scenting out patients who might otherwise be overlooked by the field hospital brigade.  The French army is well provided with ambulance dogs trained to a very high degree.  Germany has several thousand dogs trained for ambulance work.”

“The King and Queen of England have ordered that their chefs shall serve only the simplest foods on the royal table.”




But French Have Recaptured

Muhlhausen in Alsace


Two Days Hard Fighting


WASHINGTON, Aug. 21 (Excerpt):

“An official explanation of the Belgian field army’s backward movement towards Antwerp was given last night in the following cablegram from London, made public by the British embassy:

“The Belgian field army, being based on Antwerp, has fallen back in that direction in order to cover its communication with that fortress.  In anticipation that this might become necessary, the seat of government had already been transferred from Brussels to Antwerp.  As Brussels is an undefended city and no longer the seat of government, the fact that the Germans may have occupied it is not of great importance.”


“Britain to Buy Ontario Horses.

Ottawa, Aug. 21 – It is reported that the British Government has arranged with the Union Stock Yards of Toronto for the purchase of several thousand horses.  They will be purchased in various places, but will be collected and shipped from Toronto.”

“Great Britain and France are in control of the high seas, and seven per cent of Germany’s shipping is in their hands.”

“Official Russian despatches claim victory for the Russian forces over three German army corps.  Grand Duke Nicholas, commander-in-chief of the Russian army, describes Russian victories in East Prussia.”


Paris, Aug. 24 – The following official announcement was issued last night:

“A great battle is now in progress along a vast line extending from Mons to the frontier of Luxemburg, a distance of over 100 miles.  Our troops, in conjunction with the British, have assumed everywhere the offensive.  We are faced by almost the whole German army, both active and reserve.


“Japan At War Now –

Japan has come into the war of nations.  The emperor of Japan has declared war on Germany and the Japanese fleet and land forces are ready for the struggle around Kiao Chow, the German protectorate in China.  Late despatches from Tsing Tau say that the German preparation is complete and that the territory will be defended to the utmost.  Several German warships are lying in the harbor of Tsing Tau, and the waters have been mined.

Coincidentally with Japan’s declaration of war against Germany, the British official newspaper bureau announces that the Austro-Hungarian government has ordered the Austrian cruiser Kaiserin Elizabeth, now at Tsing Tau, to disarm, and has further instructed the crew to proceed to Tien Tsin.  This apparently eliminates Austria from the conflict in the Far East.


“It is announced that the Royal Military College at Kinston will be in session again this fall.  A special army class is to be organized.”

“Boycott is started.  Britain will conduct fierce trade war on Germany.


A bitter commercial war against Germany and Austria has been inaugurated in England.  It has the loyal support of the press and the public.The London Chamber of Commerce committee held a private meeting yesterday to discuss this anti-German trade campaign.  It calls the attention of manufacturers to the following lines which Germans sell heavily in England.  Electrical appliances and apparatus, iron and steel, wire, stone and earthenware, chinaware, cutlery, hollow ware, cotton hosiery, woolen and worsted piece goods, cotton prints, furniture, leather, gloves and boots and shoes.  It is estimated that 12,000,000 worth of German dynamo, and motors are sold annually in British territory.”


Summary of War News – 18 August, 2014

Summary of War News

Carleton Place Herald, 18 August, 2014


-Arrangements are to be made to use St. John as a winter port.

-One thousand Toronto women planned for a hospital ship to cost $100,00.

-The Royal Edward sailed from Montreal with 500 French reservists on board.

-The Panama Canal was officially opened to the traffic of the world on Saturday.

-All wireless stations, except those operated by the Government, are ordered to be dismantled.

-Fifteen German reservists in the crew of the Mount Royal, C.P.R. Line, were arrested at Montreal.

-Four Germans arrested by the Gananoque police had in their baggage several weapons, besides fuses, drugs and poison.

-Ottawa city will give aid to Britain in the form of a machine gun battery of four pieces mounted on rapid motor trucks, and costing $100,000.


Canadian Women’s Hospital Ship

A meeting of the women of Carleton Place was held on Sunday evening in the town hall, to discuss ways and means of raising funds to help in equipping a Hospital Ship to be given by the Women of Canada to the British Admiralty.  Dr. Sparling occupied the chair.  A motion was carried expressing the sympathy of the women of Carleton Place with the project.  It was then decided to raise funds by a house to house canvas, in order that every citizen should have an opportunity of giving.  Twenty-eight ladies promptly offered their services in making the canvas, which was begun on Monday morning.  The meeting closed with singing ‘God Save the King.’  It is intended that the canvas shall be very thorough, but it is possible that, owing to the limited time at the Committee’s disposal, someone may be overlooked, or that a house may be visited in the owner’s absence.  It is requested that anyone wishing to contribute, who has not been applied to as of Wednesday evening send the donation, (accompanied by his or her name) to Mrs. G. A. Burgess, treasurer of the fund.

WWI : First Carleton Place Volunteers


 The Overseas Volunteers from Carleton Place Leave Saturday

Carleton Place Herald, August 18, 1914


Ten volunteers were asked from Company B, 42nd Reg., for the Canadian Contingent to the motherland, and fully four times that number were available. The weeding process reduced the number to twelve, who were summoned to Perth, where the Regiment is reorganizing on Saturday morning.

The men assembled in their armory and after roll call marched to the station for the 11 train to Perth, the Band headed the procession, playing like veterans, followed by a carriage with the Mayor, some members of Council and School Board, a squad of men from Company B.


The following is the roll-call:

Capt. W. H. Hooper, in command

Sergt. J. H. Brown

Sergt. J. McGill

Sergt. Geo. New

Privates :

R. Boreland

L. Campbell

J. Hamilton

L. Helsey

H. McLaren

N. McPhee

E. Reynolds

A. J. Simons


A number of prominent citizens followed in automobiles and other conveyances, whilst hundreds walked upon the pavement.

On arriving at Santiago street the procession was met by the men from the north – Pembroke, Renfrew, Arnprior and Almonte, headed by the Piper’s Band of Renfrew, and all marched to the station grounds together.

Here, Mayor Smythe addressed a few words of advice and encouragement to the departing soldiers, wishing them a pleasant journey out and a safe return.  The kind words tendered were becomingly acknowledged for the squad by Capt. Hooper.

For several minutes the Bands played alternately whilst the men were entraining, and as they passed out the strains of “Auld Lang Syne” followed them.

The greatest interest, was maintaining the proceedings, and it was quite evident that everybody fully understood the serious nature of the situation.

The men from the several companies went into camp at Perth, Col. Balderson’s headquarters, and from there will be transferred to Valcartier, Que., where the Contingent will be finally organized and prepared for the overseas voyage.


SUMMARY OF WAR NEWS : Carleton Place Herald, 11 August, 1914


The Lusitania left New York for Britain and will run the gauntlet.

The Canadian troops were ordered to protect the Welland Canal and locks.

Col. Hughes urges newspapers to exercise patriotic carefulness and reticence in news about military happenings.

Two submarines built at Seattle for Chili have been purchased by the Government of Canada and are at Esquimalt.

The C.P.R. has a guard on all the bridges along the line.  A number of men have been engaged and sworn in as special constables by the Police Magistrate.  They went on duty last Wednesday here.

The British War Office announces that the Government has accepted Canada’s offer of the cruisers Niobe and Rainbow, and that the vessels will be used to assist in the work of protecting the commerce of the Empire.  It is further officially announced that the British Government gratefully accepts Canada’s offer to send an expeditionary force of 20,000 men to the United Kingdom, and also Canada’s gift of 98,000,000 pounds of flour.

Quite a number of our young men are anxious to go to the front with the Canadian Contingent, and have offered their services.  Those attached to the 42nd Regiment are especially enthusiastic.  Carleton Place is likely to be well represented in the mobilization at Quebec.

French forces, advancing in two main columns, have reached Belgium and Luxemburg and engaged German troops.

The occupation of Liege by the Germans is confirmed.

The British cruiser Amphion was sunk with 130 men by strking a mine.


Fixing Up Camp:  Preparations Being Rushed For Mobilization at Valcartier

Ottawa, Aug. 10 – Col. Sam Hughes returned last evening from a flying trip to Valcartier, the mobilization centre near Quebec City, wehre he and his officers inspected the work now going on in preparation for the arrival of the 20,000 men of the first Canadian contingent.  Railway sidings are being laid by the C.N.R., whose line runs to Valcartier.  Tr4enches are being dug and a water sjupply is being provided.  Several hundred are at work, including the men who were taken down from the new Connaught ranges here with their ditching machines.

Reports from the recruiting centres, the Minister states, show that more men are offering now than can be taken for the first contingent.

The men who are being recruited now for the first Canadian contingent will now go to Valcartier, the mobilization centre near Quebec, for about two weeks, according to a statement by Col. The Hon. Sam Hughes last night.


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