Editorial from the Carleton Place Herald, July 28, 1914

 

 

The Carleton Place Herald

Tuesday, July 28, 1914

 

“Twenty-five workmen were deported from Ottawa a few days ago by the Borden Government because there was no work in Canada by which they could earn a living.  Does anyone remember deportation for such a reason in the days of Laurier?

In the last four years of the Laurier Government the total expenditure of the Dominion was increased by $11,133,000.  In the first two years of Borden rule the expenditure was increased by $24,285,000.  “Dash away and spend the money” is the Borden policy – and the people pay.

Talking about the gold supply, the Wall St. Journal says that Cecil Rhodes and Hammond changed the entire economic situation of the world in a conversation over a South African camp fire.  Surely the economic control of the world ought to rest with those who produce food and other things that are more useful than gold. –Toronto Star.

Freight rates on the Government railway were increased by the Borden Government.  The working hours of employees on the road have now been reduced and men’s earnings lessened while foreign laborers have been imported to do work which was denied native born citizens.  Workmen and the public generally both suffer from the methods.

Since hard times have come and unemployment has become so widespread, it may be no unmixed evil that immigration is falling off by many thousands.  It is a startling commentary upon the checking of Canadian progress, however, that in the past six months there was a decline of 59 per cent in the emigration from Great Britain to the Dominion.  In June, the figures were even more startling for the decline in emigration from the United Kingdom to Canada was no less than seventy per cent.  Since depression, financial stringency and unemployment have been substituted for the prosperity and expansion which Canada knew during all the years of Liberal administration, the Dominion has ceased to be the land of promise and attraction to our fellow Britishers in the Mother Country.  Nor is it in Britain alone that Canada has ceased to be the land of promise and attraction.  Figures recently issued at Washington show that the flow of American settlers to the Dominion has greatly decreased since the Hard Times Government took office.  During the eleven months ending with May 31st, 1914, the American emigration to Canada practically stood still and, on the other hand there was an increase of six or seven thousand in the number of persons leaving Canada for the United States as compared with the number entering the republic from the Dominion in the full 12 months of 1912.  Comment upon such facts and figures is unnecessary.”

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Timeline of World War One

Timeline of WWI

 

June 28, 1914:

Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the throne of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and his wife are assassinated in Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia.

 

July 28, 1914:

-Austria-Hungary declares war on Servia.

Britain orders its warships to various war bases, especially off the northeast coast of Scotland where it can dominate the North Sea and block the German fleet’s access to the world’s oceans.

 

July 29, 1914:

Bulgaria declares its neutrality.

-Germany mobilizes its navy.

Russia signs mobilization order to become effective on August 4.

-First engagement of WWI occurs when Austro-Hungarian warships on the Danube River bombard Belgrade, the Serbian capital.  Serbian artillery replies.

 

July 30, 1914:  The Dutch government declares its neutrality in the war.

 

August 1, 1914: 

-Germany begins to mobilize against Russia and declares war.

France agrees to issue a general mobilization order.

 

August 2, 1914:  German troops occupy neutral Luxembourg demanding free passage through Belgium to pre-empt a French attack on Germany.  Turkey makes secret alliance with Germany.

 

August 3, 1914:

Belgian government denies Germany free passage through their territory and receives confirmation that Britain and France will provide armed support to combat German attacks.

Britain signs a general mobilization order.

Germany declares war against France.

Italy declares its neutrality.

-Romania declares armed neutrality, but sides with Russia in October, when it closes its borders to German supplies bound for Turkey.

Turkey declares armed neutrality and mobilizes its forces.

 

August 4, 1914:

-Britain declares war when Germany rejects their ultimatum requesting that their troops leave Belgian soil.  Being a dominion of Britain, Canada is automatically at war on the 4th.

-Germany declares war on Belgium and invades with their First and Second army.

-United States government declares its neutrality.

 

August 5, 1914:

-Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia.

Montenegro declares war on Austsria-Hungary.

Germany launches a night attack against Belgium, but is blocked.

Canada – Governor General declares war between Canada and Germany.

 

August 6, 1914:

-Serbia declares war on Germany.

 

August 7, 1914:

-Advance guard of 100,000-strong British Expeditionary Force reaches Mons, France.

 

August 10:

France declares war on Austria-Hungary.

Belgium – the first of Liege’s 12 forts falls to the Germans.

 

August 12:

-Britain declares war on Austria-Hungary.

 

August 12-21:

-Balkans, Serbia-invaded by Austro-Hungarian troops, but after fierce resistance, the invaders begin to withdraw by August 16.

 

August 14:

-Britain – Novelist H. G. Wells calls the conflict “The War to End All Wars.”

 

August 15:

-Japan demands that the Germans evacuate their colony based at the port of Tsingtao in China.

 

August 16:

-Germany – Austrian-born Adolf Hitler volunteers to fight with the German Army, and serves on the Western Front as a messenger, receiving wounds, and receiving various medals for valor.

 

August 17-20:

-Fighting continues against East Prussia, Belgium, with the Germans occupying Brussels & considering airship bombing attacks on London, British ports, & major naval bases.

 

August 20-25:

-With the last “Battle of the Frontier” at Mons, the battles switch to the wooded Ardennes region to the north of Metz.

 

August 23:

-Japan declares war on Germany, but concentrates efforts against the German colony port of Tsingtao in China.

 

August 26-31:

-Major German victory at Tannenberg.  Russian losses are enormous.

 

August 28:

-Sea War, North Sea – British sink four German vessels, losing none of their own in the battle, signaling a clear-cut success by the British, and causing Germany to shelve plans to use the High Seas Fleet in large-scale offensive operations in the North Sea.

 

August 30:

-Air War, France – Paris becomes the first capital city to suffer aerial bombardment when a German Taube monoplane drops four small bombs and propaganda leaflets.

 

September 5:  

The First Battle of the Marne begins.  Trench warfare begins as soldiers on both sides dig in.

 

 

 From here on in, skip over to Wikipedia to follow the comprehensive timeline they provide for World War I :

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_World_War_I

 

 

The Battle of Lundy’s Lane (1814) – as Remembered in 1914

Carleton Place Herald

July 28, 1914

 

The Battle of Lundy’s Lane

It is interesting to note that in 2014, as we prepare to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the beginning of World War 1, Carleton Place residents of 1914 were remembering the end of another war fought one hundred years earlier – the 1812-1814 war between Canada (Britain) and the United States:

“Saturday (July 25th), was the 100th anniversary of the Battle of Lundy’s Lane.  It was the last important land battle on the frontier between Canada and the United States, and one of the most stubbornly contested, the fight being protracted far into the night.  Both sides claimed it, but there can be no doubt that the American attack was repelled, and the troops retired from the field.  The War of 1812-14 was not Canadian in its origin, although it was fought largely upon Canadian soil.  The dispute arose upon the sea, and Canada was invaded merely because it lay in convenient proximity to the United States.  The Americans did much better upon sea than upon land, where the results of the war were decidedly favorable to Canada.  Saturday’s celebration is remarkable because it commemorates not only the Battle of Lundy’s Lane, but the hundred years of peace and growing frirendship which have followed the war.  There have been disputes and misunderstandings in the century, but they have all been settled without bloodshed.  The relation which exists today does not rest upon sentiment alone.  It is a practical, statesmanlike arrangement.  It is recognized that the highest interests of the two nations are practically identical, and that war between them would be suicidal.”

News Items & Ads from the July 1914 Carleton Place Herald

 

 

Carleton Place Herald

July 28, 1914

 

Entrance Examinations

List of Successful Candidates to the Carleton Place High School:

Glen Allen,

Ellison Arbuckle,

Alice Armstrong,

Alice Bennett,

Ivan Brundige,

Eva Bellamy,

Ethel Cavers, Appleton

Muriel Culbertson,

Leonard Davis,

Peter Dunlop,

Alice Doucett,

Marguerite Ferguson,

Fraser Findlay,

David Findlay,

Mary Fitzgerald,

Lillian Fulton,

Marguerite Fulton,

Thomas Graham,

John Kellough, Appleton,

Victor Kellough,

Myrtle Lambert,

Irene Lahaie,

Hazel Leakey,

Roy Lester, Appleton,

Arthur McDiarmid,

Donald McDiarmid,

Victor McDiarmid,

Jean McDougall,

Eady McFadden,

Helen McNeely,

Lena McGregor,

Eva Montgomery,

Velma Nichols,

Andrew O’Brien, Appleton

Blanche O’Brien,

Harold Playfair,

Marion Sinclair,

Irma Stewart,

Marjorie Timmins,

Cecil Turner, Appleton,

Mabel Walford,

Marion Walton,

Emmett Welsh,

Ina White

 

Books Written in Prison

Carleton Place Herald, July 21, 1914

A Publisher was talking about Oscar Wilde’s strange book, De Profundis with its pathetic cover decoration of a bird beating its wings against the bars of a cell.

“Wilde’s is not the first good book to have been written in jail,” he said.

“Jail, in fact, seems to be a good place to write books in.  Literary men surpass themselves there.”

“John Bunyan wrote Pilgrim’s Progress in jail.”

“Cervantes wrote Don Quixote in prison.”

“Defoe laid the plans for Robinson Crusoe during a term of confinement imposed on him for the writing of a pamphlet called The Shortest Way With the Dissenters.”

“Leigh Hunt wrote Rimini in jail.”

“Sir Walter Raleigh, during his fourteen years’ imprisonment in the Tower of London, wrote his excellent History of the World.”

“Silvio Pellico and Tasso both did their best work in jail.”

July 1914-1_0001July 1914-1_0002

July 1914-1_0003

July 1914-1_0004

Carleton Place Public Library Becomes Part of Region Co-Operative

 

Carleton Place Canadian, 10 March, 1966

 

The Carleton Place Public Library has become a member of the Eastern Ontario Regional Library Co-operative recently set up under a part section of the Public Library Act.  About fifty other libraries and associate libraries in Eastern Ontario have become members.

The purpose of this new organization is the improvement and extension of library services through the co-operative use of the area’s library resources.

The co-operative will be governed by a Regional Board which has been formed with the following persons as its first members:

Mr. W. J. Hodder, Chairman, Ottawa Public Library; Mrs. R. D. Butterill, Vice-Chairman, Nepean Township Public Library; Mr. F. B. Macmillan, Cornwall Public Library; Mr. M. B. Cameron, Brockville Public Library; Mr. D. E. Wolff, Pembroke Public Library; Rev. J. S. Bradley, Renfrew Public Library; Mr. Sarto Leduc, Hawkesbury Public Library; Mrs. Charles O’Reilly, Smiths Falls Public Library; Regional Director and Secretary-Treasurer, Claude B. Aubry, Ottawa Public Library.

The Public Libraries of Ottawa, Pembroke, Cornwall and Brockville have been designated “Resource Libraries”.  As these libraries are repositories of important collections they will play a major role in a rational development of library services within the region.  This will be done mainly through an active exchange of information, books and other library services among themselves as well as through the assistance they can provide to smaller libraries.

It is to be noted that the Regional Board will have no authority over the local Boards, which shall keep their autonomy.

The above information is gleaned from the first Bulletin issued by the Regional Board to member libraries.