The Carleton Place Herald, August 4, 1914
Troops Enter France
German Forces Invade Luxembourg in Violation of Treaty
Another Body of Soldiers is Reported to Have Crossed the Frontier at Cirey and to Have Been Repulsed By the French Troops with Heavy Loss. —
France Denies That War Has Been Declared
LONDON, Aug. 3 – A German force traversing Luxemburg is marching on the French fortress at Longwy https://www.google.ca/maps/place/Longwy/ , according to an official despatch received here shortly after four o’clock yesterday afternoon.
Longwy is a fortified town of France, on the Belgian frontier, 40 miles north-northwest of Metz, in Germany.
Germany declared war on Russia Saturday night.
One German force crossed the French frontier near the village of Cirey, between Nancy and Strausburg, and another German detachment, probably the 29th Infantry, Saturday night invaded the Grand Duchy of Luxemburg, neutral territory between France and Germany and continued its march on the French fortified town of Longwy. A dispatch from Brussels said there was good reason to believe that this force later in the day entered France.
The German force which came into France near Cirey, which is 40 miles from Nancy, is reported to have been repulsed with heavy losses, but this has not yet been confirmed.
Apparently the German army is duplicating the first movement of the Franco-Prussian war. It was on August 2, 1870, 44 years ago yesterday, that the French and Germans clashed in the first battle of that war at Saarbrucken, where the Prince Imperial, under the orders of the Emperor, received his famous “baptism of fire.”
It would appear today that Germany is taking the fullest possible advantage of her supposed superiority in rapid mobilization over France. The plan of the German Emperor, according to military observers here, is to vanquish or attempt to vanquish France in the interval before Russia will be able to create serious trouble on her northern frontier. It is supposed that Russian mobilization will take about three weeks.
All telegraphic and telephonic communication between Brussels and Luxemburg has been severed.
By the treaty of London, signed in 1867, the Grand Duchy of Luxemburg was declared neutral territory. Its integrity and independence were guaranteed.
A train full of German soldiers arrived at the station at Luxemburg during the night. The troops seized the station and the bridges on the Treves and Trois Vierges line in order to secure the regular passage of military trains across the Grand Duchy.
According to an evening newspaper published at Liege, twenty thousand German troops crossed the French frontier yesterday morning near Nancy. They encountered French forces and were repulsed with heavy losses. This news, however, lacks confirmation.
The French Embassy yesterday issued the following statement:
“French territory has been invaded at Cirey, and German troops are marching on the fort at Cirey. This act has been committed without a declaration of war. The German Ambassador is at present in Paris.”
Germany declared yesterday that she was unable to answer the question put by the British Ambassador at Berlin as to whether she is prepared to respect the neutrality of Belgium.
This statement appeared in a communication issued by the French Embassy.
The neutrality of Belgium has been guaranteed by Great Britain, and she is bound to protect Belgium for her own safety, as Belgium under German rule would be a never-ending menace to England.
No Hostile Intent
LUXEMBOURG, Aug 3 —
The Minister of State of Luxembourg has received a telegram from the German Imperial chancellor declaring that the military measures taken by Germany in Luxembourg do not constitute a hostile act against the grand duchy. They are simply measures, the chancellor states, to protect a railroad connected with the German system against possible attack.”