Britain Gets Ready to Declare War Against Germany – August 3, 1914

Carleton Place Herald, 04 August, 1914

 Britain Still Aloof

Her Intentions Regarding Conflict Not Yet Announced.

Until Premier Asquith Makes His Announcement In the Commons To-day the Public Will Be in the Dark Regarding Her Position –

Censors Have Taken Charge of Cables and Wireless Offices.

LONDON, Aug. 3. – Now the die is cast and Europe is to be plunged into a general war which has been the apprehension of European statesmen for generations past.

The only redeeming feature of the darkest prospect with which Europe has been faced for half a century is that Italy has declared her neutrality.  But how long that neutrality can be maintained is an exceedingly debatable question.

The Daily Chronicle (a Government organ) says that the British Cabinet has definitely decided not to send an expeditionary force abroad, but to make every honorable effort to prevent Great Britain from being drawn into the war.

Great Britain’s position has already been defined by Premier Asquith in the British Parliament, namely, that she is under no formal obligation to go to the assistance of France in the event of a European war.  The British Government, however, has made full preparations in both services for whatever may happen.

No statement of the decision taken by the Cabinet was made last night.  Premier Asquith will announce Great Britain’s position in the House of Commons to-day.  Prior to this announcement another Cabinet meeting will be held.

Censors took charge of all the cable offices in the kingdom last night.  All code messages were prohibited even to Australia.  Telephonic communication with the continent was entirely stopped.  The Brussels telephone, which was the last line working, was silent last night.

The king issued a proclamation declaring a moratorium for a month, and the suspension of the Banking Act to-day appears assured.  Parliament will probably pass a bill for a loan for defensive purposes to the amount of $250,000,000.  A rise in the price of foodstuffs is expected today, although the Board of Trade has issued a reassuring statement that there is a wheat supply of four months in the country.

The peace movement continues, but finds little popular response.  The Archbishop of Canterbury and the Bishop of London both spoke for peace yesterday.  A number of Cambridge professors have issued a manifesto deploring the possibility of war with Germany, while another manifesto emanated from influential quarters quoting Premier Asquith’ recent statement that Great Britain had no understanding with France and Russia which would compel her to join with them in war.

The Socialists and a section of the labor union men are strong for peace.  Peace meetings were held yesterday in Trafalgar Square and Hyde Park.

The Times, in a special war edition yesterday, said that it is plain and acknowledged that the duty and interest of Britain, which consist in the support of France, against Germany and the preservation of the neutrality of Belgium, Holland and Luxembourg against German invasion, must be fulfilled.

“There is no room for difference of opinion,” The Times continues.  “The prospect before the Government is that of having to fight not only for its honor, but for self-preservation against attack on the whole foundation on which the peace and civilization of Europe are based.”

The Government has assumed control of all wireless transmission.  A special Gazette announces this fact and says that the Government in the present emergency has taken over control of wireless telegraphy, and that the use of wireless by foreign vessels while in British territory waters will be subject to such rules as may be made by the Admiralty.

The London morning papers are giving plentiful counsels to the public to display a self-sacrificing spirit, to refrain from excitement and to avoid selfish actions, such as laying in large stores of provisions which would tend to raise prices and lead to hardships for the poorer classes.

Field marshal Lord Kitchener, who was to return to his Egyptian post, is detained in London.  According to telegrams from European capitals Great Britain’s decision on this point was awaited with the deepest anxiety, especially in Paris and St. Petersburg.

King George held a Privy Council yesterday afternoon.  According to The Press Association, he signed a proclamation authorizing the suspension of specie payments.

 

 

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German Troops Enter France : August 3, 1914

 

 Reported in

The Carleton Place Herald, August 4, 1914

Troops Enter France

 German Forces Invade Luxembourg in Violation of Treaty

Another Body of Soldiers is Reported to Have Crossed the Frontier at Cirey and to Have Been Repulsed By the French Troops with Heavy Loss. —

France Denies That War Has Been Declared

 

LONDON, Aug. 3 – A German force traversing Luxemburg is marching on the French fortress at Longwy https://www.google.ca/maps/place/Longwy/ , according to an official despatch received here shortly after four o’clock yesterday afternoon.

Longwy is a fortified town of France, on the Belgian frontier, 40 miles north-northwest of Metz, in Germany.

Germany declared war on Russia Saturday night.

One German force crossed the French frontier near the village of Cirey, between Nancy and Strausburg, and another German detachment, probably the 29th Infantry, Saturday night invaded the Grand Duchy of Luxemburg, neutral territory between France and Germany and continued its march on the French fortified town of Longwy.  A dispatch from Brussels said there was good reason to believe that this force later in the day entered France.

The German force which came into France near Cirey, which is 40 miles from Nancy, is reported to have been repulsed with heavy losses, but this has not yet been confirmed.

Apparently the German army is duplicating the first movement of the Franco-Prussian war.  It was on August 2, 1870, 44 years ago yesterday, that the French and Germans clashed in the first battle of that war at Saarbrucken, where the Prince Imperial, under the orders of the Emperor, received his famous “baptism of fire.”

It would appear today that Germany is taking the fullest possible advantage of her supposed superiority in rapid mobilization over France.  The plan of the German Emperor, according to military observers here, is to vanquish or attempt to vanquish France in the interval before Russia will be able to create serious trouble on her northern frontier.  It is supposed that Russian mobilization will take about three weeks.

All telegraphic and telephonic communication between Brussels and Luxemburg has been severed.

By the treaty of London, signed in 1867, the Grand Duchy of Luxemburg was declared neutral territory.  Its integrity and independence were guaranteed.

A train full of German soldiers arrived at the station at Luxemburg during the night.  The troops seized the station and the bridges on the Treves and Trois Vierges line in order to secure the regular passage of military trains across the Grand Duchy.

According to an evening newspaper published at Liege, twenty thousand German troops crossed the French frontier yesterday morning near Nancy.  They encountered French forces and were repulsed with heavy losses.  This news, however, lacks confirmation.

The French Embassy yesterday issued the following statement:

“French territory has been invaded at Cirey, and German troops are marching on the fort at Cirey.  This act has been committed without a declaration of war.  The German Ambassador is at present in Paris.”

Germany declared yesterday that she was unable to answer the question put by the British Ambassador at Berlin as to whether she is prepared to respect the neutrality of Belgium.

This statement appeared in a communication issued by the French Embassy.

The neutrality of Belgium has been guaranteed by Great Britain, and she is bound to protect Belgium for her own safety, as Belgium under German rule would be a never-ending menace to England.

 

No Hostile Intent

LUXEMBOURG, Aug 3 —

The Minister of State of Luxembourg has received a telegram from the German Imperial chancellor declaring that the military measures taken by Germany in Luxembourg do not constitute a hostile act against the grand duchy.  They are simply measures, the chancellor states, to protect a railroad connected with the German system against possible attack.”

 

 

War Reports of August 3rd from the Carleton Place Herald

War Reports From

The Carleton Place Herald

Tuesday, August 4th, 1914

Referring to Events Unfolding on August 3rd

 

“The war is on and it is impossible to foretell where it will end.”

“Canada has given prompt and official assurance to the Imperial Government that Canadian people ‘are united in a common resolve to put forth every effort and to make every sacrifice necessary to insure the integrity and maintain the honor of our Empire.’  That message, ….was gratefully acknowledged in a cable received declaring that the motherland welcomed the assurance of the whole-hearted co-operation of the people of Canada.”

“A censorship of cables and wireless messages has been established in Canada.”

“The Minister of Finance is prepared to protect Canadian business interests during the financial crisis caused by the war by every possible means.”

“Sir Edmund Walker, one of Canada’s financial authorities, says Canada has seen the turning point in the hard times.”

“Several Americans have been marooned in Austrian towns.”

“Austro-Hungarian reservists in western Canada have been ordered by the War Department to mobilize.”

“With the gravity of the European situation increasing, Colonel Hughes ordered the Royal Canadian Garrison Artillery and the Royal Canadian Horse Artillery back from Petawawa, the former to Quebec and the latter to Kingston.”

“Sir Donald Mann, vice-president of the Canadian Northern Railway, has offered to take charge of the transportation work in the event of Canadian forces going to the aid of Great Britain if she goes to war in Europe.  Sir Donald’s offer, made to Col. The Hon. Sam Hughes, Minister of Militia, is to go with the forces wherever they may be despatched.”

“The men and officers who have volunteered to go to the front now number about eleven thousand, and if the call for volunteers is officially made it is confidently felt that this number would be multiplied several times.”

“At militia headquarters everything is ready for the word.  If orders are given to mobilize, the necessary steps will be taken instantly to start the work all over the country.”

“All European Governments are calling out reservists in America.”

“Fighting has commenced between Austria-Hungary and Serbia.”

“Toronto and London detachments of the Royal Canadian Regiment left on special trains for Halifax.”

 

 

 

 

 

Editorial from the Carleton Place Herald, July 28, 1914

 

 

The Carleton Place Herald

Tuesday, July 28, 1914

 

“Twenty-five workmen were deported from Ottawa a few days ago by the Borden Government because there was no work in Canada by which they could earn a living.  Does anyone remember deportation for such a reason in the days of Laurier?

In the last four years of the Laurier Government the total expenditure of the Dominion was increased by $11,133,000.  In the first two years of Borden rule the expenditure was increased by $24,285,000.  “Dash away and spend the money” is the Borden policy – and the people pay.

Talking about the gold supply, the Wall St. Journal says that Cecil Rhodes and Hammond changed the entire economic situation of the world in a conversation over a South African camp fire.  Surely the economic control of the world ought to rest with those who produce food and other things that are more useful than gold. –Toronto Star.

Freight rates on the Government railway were increased by the Borden Government.  The working hours of employees on the road have now been reduced and men’s earnings lessened while foreign laborers have been imported to do work which was denied native born citizens.  Workmen and the public generally both suffer from the methods.

Since hard times have come and unemployment has become so widespread, it may be no unmixed evil that immigration is falling off by many thousands.  It is a startling commentary upon the checking of Canadian progress, however, that in the past six months there was a decline of 59 per cent in the emigration from Great Britain to the Dominion.  In June, the figures were even more startling for the decline in emigration from the United Kingdom to Canada was no less than seventy per cent.  Since depression, financial stringency and unemployment have been substituted for the prosperity and expansion which Canada knew during all the years of Liberal administration, the Dominion has ceased to be the land of promise and attraction to our fellow Britishers in the Mother Country.  Nor is it in Britain alone that Canada has ceased to be the land of promise and attraction.  Figures recently issued at Washington show that the flow of American settlers to the Dominion has greatly decreased since the Hard Times Government took office.  During the eleven months ending with May 31st, 1914, the American emigration to Canada practically stood still and, on the other hand there was an increase of six or seven thousand in the number of persons leaving Canada for the United States as compared with the number entering the republic from the Dominion in the full 12 months of 1912.  Comment upon such facts and figures is unnecessary.”

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

News Items & Ads from the July 1914 Carleton Place Herald

 

 

Carleton Place Herald

July 28, 1914

 

Entrance Examinations

List of Successful Candidates to the Carleton Place High School:

Glen Allen,

Ellison Arbuckle,

Alice Armstrong,

Alice Bennett,

Ivan Brundige,

Eva Bellamy,

Ethel Cavers, Appleton

Muriel Culbertson,

Leonard Davis,

Peter Dunlop,

Alice Doucett,

Marguerite Ferguson,

Fraser Findlay,

David Findlay,

Mary Fitzgerald,

Lillian Fulton,

Marguerite Fulton,

Thomas Graham,

John Kellough, Appleton,

Victor Kellough,

Myrtle Lambert,

Irene Lahaie,

Hazel Leakey,

Roy Lester, Appleton,

Arthur McDiarmid,

Donald McDiarmid,

Victor McDiarmid,

Jean McDougall,

Eady McFadden,

Helen McNeely,

Lena McGregor,

Eva Montgomery,

Velma Nichols,

Andrew O’Brien, Appleton

Blanche O’Brien,

Harold Playfair,

Marion Sinclair,

Irma Stewart,

Marjorie Timmins,

Cecil Turner, Appleton,

Mabel Walford,

Marion Walton,

Emmett Welsh,

Ina White

 

Books Written in Prison

Carleton Place Herald, July 21, 1914

A Publisher was talking about Oscar Wilde’s strange book, De Profundis with its pathetic cover decoration of a bird beating its wings against the bars of a cell.

“Wilde’s is not the first good book to have been written in jail,” he said.

“Jail, in fact, seems to be a good place to write books in.  Literary men surpass themselves there.”

“John Bunyan wrote Pilgrim’s Progress in jail.”

“Cervantes wrote Don Quixote in prison.”

“Defoe laid the plans for Robinson Crusoe during a term of confinement imposed on him for the writing of a pamphlet called The Shortest Way With the Dissenters.”

“Leigh Hunt wrote Rimini in jail.”

“Sir Walter Raleigh, during his fourteen years’ imprisonment in the Tower of London, wrote his excellent History of the World.”

“Silvio Pellico and Tasso both did their best work in jail.”

July 1914-1_0001July 1914-1_0002

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Prelude to World War One – Local News

 

 

     Carleton Place Herald, Tuesday, June 30, 1914

 

The following newsy reports are very representative of the social life in Carleton Place, and other small communities in Canada,  just before the outbreak of World War I.  The community buzzed with excitement over the coming Dominion Day holiday, filled with school picnics, sports events, lawn socials, movies, visiting with friends and family, and church activities.  This idyllic prelude to war would be replaced in a month’s time with the clouds of world war.

 

Remember the 4th of July Excursion to the ‘burg.

 

Almonte and Carleton Place will play lacrosse here next Saturday – a great game expected.

 

To-morrow will be Dominion Day – a national holiday – the 47th anniversary of Confederation.

 

The annual lawn social under the auspices of St. Mary’s church will be held on the 21st July.

 

Early closing – During July and August Taber & Co. will close their store at 5 o’clock, except Saturday.

 

The Herald has entered upon its 65th year – and it has been a continuous weekly visitor to many families in this locality from the start.

 

Special train leaves Arnprior for Carleton Place at 10 o’clock p.m. on Dominion Day.  Big sports program.  Addresses by Sir Wilfrid Laurier, Hon. C. J. Doherty and Hon. G. P. Graham.

 

St. Andrews Sunday school will picnic at Mr. Wm. McDiarmid’s summer home on the lake shore on the afternoon of Dominion Day.

 

Miss Isabel G. Latimer, eldest daughter of the late James Latimer, of Carleton Place, was married on the 27th instant, at Stanford, Conn., to Mr. W. G. Reynolds.  The Herald extends congratulations from the bride’s many friends here.

 

Mr. John O’Brien, of Beckwith, was probably one of the oldest men to vote yesterday, travelling 16 miles to record his ballot.  He was accompanied by his wife, to look after him, whose age is 85.  The old couple travelled in an automobile, their first ride in a motor-vehicle.

 

Remember ‘Zingo’s War in the Clouds’, the big Warrior Feature, Thursday and Friday at the Star.

 

Mr. E. W. Cox, president and General manager of the Canada Life Assurance Co., died in England on Saturday, where he was resting after an operation performed three weeks ago for an affection of the throat.  Hemorrhage was the cause of death.  Mr. Cox was 50 years of age.

 

Full Carload of Buggies just received, comprising all the new styles – Auto Seat, Twin Auto Seat, Fan Seat and Triple Auto Seat.  Intending purchasers will do well to see my display before buying.  A call will convince you of the quality of our work.

W. J. Warren, Warehouse at Blacksmith Shop.

 

Wool Wanted – Any quantity of Washed or Unwashed Wool, for which the highest market price will be paid.

J. F. Cram & Sons.

 

A Montreal manufacturing concern requires the service, either in whole or spare time, of an energetic lady in Carleton Place to form “Clubs”.  The work is light, pleasant and social.  An excellent opportunity for a lady of energy.  Steady salary paid that increases monthly.  References required.  Address – Pure Food Supply Company Limited, Pure Food Building, Montreal.

 

Smiths Falls is having a demonstration tomorrow.

 

Mr. John Lee has been turnkey in the county jail at Perth for 40 years.

 

Full list of Sports at the Burg on the 4th July.  Do not miss this popular trip.

 

Mr. and Mrs. T. E. Sunbury left yesterday for a month’s holidays in the Eastern townships.

 

Mr. James Creighton, who spent the winter in British Columbia, has returned to Carleton Place.

 

Arnprior is drawing most of our people tomorrow, the firemen and the baseball boys taking part in the doings.

 

Miss Jean Cavers is spending some holidays at home, having recently completed her course in the McDonald Institute at Guelph.

 

Mrs. J. H. Lowe, of Joliette, Que., and little daughter, are spending a couple of weeks with her parents here, Mr. and Mrs. D. Sutherland.

 

Excursion to Ogdensburg, July 4th.  Train leaves Carleton Place at 8:50 a.m.  Fare $1.65.

 

The Maple Leaf Football Club (Ramsay) has reorganized for the season with a good strong team and hope to retain the championship form of last year.

 

The members of Court Mississippi No. 78, I.O.F., attended service in St. James Church on Sunday evening.  The weather was very unfavorable for a large turnout.  Rev. Canon Elliott preached a strong sermon appropriate to the occasion.

 

Master Andrew Hughton, one of our High School students, who has been seriously ill for about a fortnight, is improving slowly, although still confined to his bed.  His illness unfortunately prevented his writing at the examinations now in progress, much to the regret of his fellow students.

 

Tuesday and Wednesday, this week, the Star features “The Whimsical Threads of Destiny,” in two parts.

 

By a recent decision of the Post master general the rate on newspapers is to be raised from ¼ cent per pound bulk to ¼ cent for each paper, and in cities to 1 cent for each paper.  This will mean in the case of dailies a rate exceeding the subscription price and for weeklies better than half the subscription price.

 

St. Andrews Sunday School Annual Picnic on Wednesday afternoon, July 1st, at Mr. Wm. McDiarmid’s summer home.  First boats will leave the wharf at 12:30 noon.

 

Sunday was Children’s Day in the Methodist church and a special service was held in the morning.  The pastor, Dr. Sparling, delivered an address appropriate to the occasion, and the junior choir rendered special music.  The Sunday School Orchestra, of seven pieces, accompanied by the pipe organ, supplied the music.  The church was very prettily decorated with flowers and potted plants, and the service throughout was very much appreciated by those present.

 

 

 

The Soldiers Return : No. 2 Company of the 42nd Regiment, 1914

 

Carleton Place Herald

Tuesday, June 30, 1914

 

No 2 Company of the 42nd Regiment arrived home from Petawawa on Friday afternoon last, with Lieut. W. H. Hooper in command.

 

The boys, while sunburned and travel-strained, moved with a regularity and precision which spoke well for the work of Col. Serg’t McDougall. The 42nd were personally congratulated in camp by H.R.H the Duke of Connaught on their excellent showing on the three days trip to Chalk River. Corporal Brown and Pte. Leakie qualified as two of the best shots in the regiment, while Serg’t Watson upheld the company’s good name in the sporting events.

 

On arrival at their hall the company dispersed for the year, after cheers for their company, commander and also for Serg’t Major Henry.

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