The Battle of Lundy’s Lane (1814) – as Remembered in 1914

Carleton Place Herald

July 28, 1914


The Battle of Lundy’s Lane

It is interesting to note that in 2014, as we prepare to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the beginning of World War 1, Carleton Place residents of 1914 were remembering the end of another war fought one hundred years earlier – the 1812-1814 war between Canada (Britain) and the United States:

“Saturday (July 25th), was the 100th anniversary of the Battle of Lundy’s Lane.  It was the last important land battle on the frontier between Canada and the United States, and one of the most stubbornly contested, the fight being protracted far into the night.  Both sides claimed it, but there can be no doubt that the American attack was repelled, and the troops retired from the field.  The War of 1812-14 was not Canadian in its origin, although it was fought largely upon Canadian soil.  The dispute arose upon the sea, and Canada was invaded merely because it lay in convenient proximity to the United States.  The Americans did much better upon sea than upon land, where the results of the war were decidedly favorable to Canada.  Saturday’s celebration is remarkable because it commemorates not only the Battle of Lundy’s Lane, but the hundred years of peace and growing frirendship which have followed the war.  There have been disputes and misunderstandings in the century, but they have all been settled without bloodshed.  The relation which exists today does not rest upon sentiment alone.  It is a practical, statesmanlike arrangement.  It is recognized that the highest interests of the two nations are practically identical, and that war between them would be suicidal.”

News Items & Ads from the July 1914 Carleton Place Herald



Carleton Place Herald

July 28, 1914


Entrance Examinations

List of Successful Candidates to the Carleton Place High School:

Glen Allen,

Ellison Arbuckle,

Alice Armstrong,

Alice Bennett,

Ivan Brundige,

Eva Bellamy,

Ethel Cavers, Appleton

Muriel Culbertson,

Leonard Davis,

Peter Dunlop,

Alice Doucett,

Marguerite Ferguson,

Fraser Findlay,

David Findlay,

Mary Fitzgerald,

Lillian Fulton,

Marguerite Fulton,

Thomas Graham,

John Kellough, Appleton,

Victor Kellough,

Myrtle Lambert,

Irene Lahaie,

Hazel Leakey,

Roy Lester, Appleton,

Arthur McDiarmid,

Donald McDiarmid,

Victor McDiarmid,

Jean McDougall,

Eady McFadden,

Helen McNeely,

Lena McGregor,

Eva Montgomery,

Velma Nichols,

Andrew O’Brien, Appleton

Blanche O’Brien,

Harold Playfair,

Marion Sinclair,

Irma Stewart,

Marjorie Timmins,

Cecil Turner, Appleton,

Mabel Walford,

Marion Walton,

Emmett Welsh,

Ina White


Books Written in Prison

Carleton Place Herald, July 21, 1914

A Publisher was talking about Oscar Wilde’s strange book, De Profundis with its pathetic cover decoration of a bird beating its wings against the bars of a cell.

“Wilde’s is not the first good book to have been written in jail,” he said.

“Jail, in fact, seems to be a good place to write books in.  Literary men surpass themselves there.”

“John Bunyan wrote Pilgrim’s Progress in jail.”

“Cervantes wrote Don Quixote in prison.”

“Defoe laid the plans for Robinson Crusoe during a term of confinement imposed on him for the writing of a pamphlet called The Shortest Way With the Dissenters.”

“Leigh Hunt wrote Rimini in jail.”

“Sir Walter Raleigh, during his fourteen years’ imprisonment in the Tower of London, wrote his excellent History of the World.”

“Silvio Pellico and Tasso both did their best work in jail.”

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Carleton Place Public Library Becomes Part of Region Co-Operative


Carleton Place Canadian, 10 March, 1966


The Carleton Place Public Library has become a member of the Eastern Ontario Regional Library Co-operative recently set up under a part section of the Public Library Act.  About fifty other libraries and associate libraries in Eastern Ontario have become members.

The purpose of this new organization is the improvement and extension of library services through the co-operative use of the area’s library resources.

The co-operative will be governed by a Regional Board which has been formed with the following persons as its first members:

Mr. W. J. Hodder, Chairman, Ottawa Public Library; Mrs. R. D. Butterill, Vice-Chairman, Nepean Township Public Library; Mr. F. B. Macmillan, Cornwall Public Library; Mr. M. B. Cameron, Brockville Public Library; Mr. D. E. Wolff, Pembroke Public Library; Rev. J. S. Bradley, Renfrew Public Library; Mr. Sarto Leduc, Hawkesbury Public Library; Mrs. Charles O’Reilly, Smiths Falls Public Library; Regional Director and Secretary-Treasurer, Claude B. Aubry, Ottawa Public Library.

The Public Libraries of Ottawa, Pembroke, Cornwall and Brockville have been designated “Resource Libraries”.  As these libraries are repositories of important collections they will play a major role in a rational development of library services within the region.  This will be done mainly through an active exchange of information, books and other library services among themselves as well as through the assistance they can provide to smaller libraries.

It is to be noted that the Regional Board will have no authority over the local Boards, which shall keep their autonomy.

The above information is gleaned from the first Bulletin issued by the Regional Board to member libraries.



Prelude to World War One – Local News



     Carleton Place Herald, Tuesday, June 30, 1914


The following newsy reports are very representative of the social life in Carleton Place, and other small communities in Canada,  just before the outbreak of World War I.  The community buzzed with excitement over the coming Dominion Day holiday, filled with school picnics, sports events, lawn socials, movies, visiting with friends and family, and church activities.  This idyllic prelude to war would be replaced in a month’s time with the clouds of world war.


Remember the 4th of July Excursion to the ‘burg.


Almonte and Carleton Place will play lacrosse here next Saturday – a great game expected.


To-morrow will be Dominion Day – a national holiday – the 47th anniversary of Confederation.


The annual lawn social under the auspices of St. Mary’s church will be held on the 21st July.


Early closing – During July and August Taber & Co. will close their store at 5 o’clock, except Saturday.


The Herald has entered upon its 65th year – and it has been a continuous weekly visitor to many families in this locality from the start.


Special train leaves Arnprior for Carleton Place at 10 o’clock p.m. on Dominion Day.  Big sports program.  Addresses by Sir Wilfrid Laurier, Hon. C. J. Doherty and Hon. G. P. Graham.


St. Andrews Sunday school will picnic at Mr. Wm. McDiarmid’s summer home on the lake shore on the afternoon of Dominion Day.


Miss Isabel G. Latimer, eldest daughter of the late James Latimer, of Carleton Place, was married on the 27th instant, at Stanford, Conn., to Mr. W. G. Reynolds.  The Herald extends congratulations from the bride’s many friends here.


Mr. John O’Brien, of Beckwith, was probably one of the oldest men to vote yesterday, travelling 16 miles to record his ballot.  He was accompanied by his wife, to look after him, whose age is 85.  The old couple travelled in an automobile, their first ride in a motor-vehicle.


Remember ‘Zingo’s War in the Clouds’, the big Warrior Feature, Thursday and Friday at the Star.


Mr. E. W. Cox, president and General manager of the Canada Life Assurance Co., died in England on Saturday, where he was resting after an operation performed three weeks ago for an affection of the throat.  Hemorrhage was the cause of death.  Mr. Cox was 50 years of age.


Full Carload of Buggies just received, comprising all the new styles – Auto Seat, Twin Auto Seat, Fan Seat and Triple Auto Seat.  Intending purchasers will do well to see my display before buying.  A call will convince you of the quality of our work.

W. J. Warren, Warehouse at Blacksmith Shop.


Wool Wanted – Any quantity of Washed or Unwashed Wool, for which the highest market price will be paid.

J. F. Cram & Sons.


A Montreal manufacturing concern requires the service, either in whole or spare time, of an energetic lady in Carleton Place to form “Clubs”.  The work is light, pleasant and social.  An excellent opportunity for a lady of energy.  Steady salary paid that increases monthly.  References required.  Address – Pure Food Supply Company Limited, Pure Food Building, Montreal.


Smiths Falls is having a demonstration tomorrow.


Mr. John Lee has been turnkey in the county jail at Perth for 40 years.


Full list of Sports at the Burg on the 4th July.  Do not miss this popular trip.


Mr. and Mrs. T. E. Sunbury left yesterday for a month’s holidays in the Eastern townships.


Mr. James Creighton, who spent the winter in British Columbia, has returned to Carleton Place.


Arnprior is drawing most of our people tomorrow, the firemen and the baseball boys taking part in the doings.


Miss Jean Cavers is spending some holidays at home, having recently completed her course in the McDonald Institute at Guelph.


Mrs. J. H. Lowe, of Joliette, Que., and little daughter, are spending a couple of weeks with her parents here, Mr. and Mrs. D. Sutherland.


Excursion to Ogdensburg, July 4th.  Train leaves Carleton Place at 8:50 a.m.  Fare $1.65.


The Maple Leaf Football Club (Ramsay) has reorganized for the season with a good strong team and hope to retain the championship form of last year.


The members of Court Mississippi No. 78, I.O.F., attended service in St. James Church on Sunday evening.  The weather was very unfavorable for a large turnout.  Rev. Canon Elliott preached a strong sermon appropriate to the occasion.


Master Andrew Hughton, one of our High School students, who has been seriously ill for about a fortnight, is improving slowly, although still confined to his bed.  His illness unfortunately prevented his writing at the examinations now in progress, much to the regret of his fellow students.


Tuesday and Wednesday, this week, the Star features “The Whimsical Threads of Destiny,” in two parts.


By a recent decision of the Post master general the rate on newspapers is to be raised from ¼ cent per pound bulk to ¼ cent for each paper, and in cities to 1 cent for each paper.  This will mean in the case of dailies a rate exceeding the subscription price and for weeklies better than half the subscription price.


St. Andrews Sunday School Annual Picnic on Wednesday afternoon, July 1st, at Mr. Wm. McDiarmid’s summer home.  First boats will leave the wharf at 12:30 noon.


Sunday was Children’s Day in the Methodist church and a special service was held in the morning.  The pastor, Dr. Sparling, delivered an address appropriate to the occasion, and the junior choir rendered special music.  The Sunday School Orchestra, of seven pieces, accompanied by the pipe organ, supplied the music.  The church was very prettily decorated with flowers and potted plants, and the service throughout was very much appreciated by those present.




Dirigible R-100 Passed Over Carleton Place, August 1930



From The Carleton Place Canadian, August 13, 1930

Thanks goes to Janet Baril, librarian turned volunteer for the Carleton Place Public Library, who discovered the following article about the R-100!


Dirigible R-100

Dirigible R-100

Visit Chris Bateman’s post on blogTO for more info and pictures of the R-100: 

D-DAY, June 6, 1944 : Report from The Carleton Place Canadian


Allied Forces Land In France Tuesday Morning


The Carleton Place Canadian

June 8, 1944


“Long Awaited D-Day Arrives when Thousands of Troops

Consolidate Position in French Territory


By Michael O’Mara

Canadian Press Staff Writer


D-Day arrived Tuesday when British, American and Canadian troops landed on the Normandy coast of France and began what Gen. Eisenhower called a crusade in which “we will accept nothing less than full victory.”


Initial landings of the greatest amphibious assault in history were preceeded by Allied heavy bombings of the invasion coast and were accompanied by a mammoth air cover, 11,00 aircraft in all taking part in the operations.  Seaborne troops, headed by Gen. Montgomery surged across the Channel from England by 4,000 regular ships and additional thousands of smaller craft.


They were preceded by massed flights of parachute and glider forces who landed during the dark.  More than 640 naval guns, ranging from 4 to 16-inch, hurled many tons of shells accurately into coastal fortifications which the Germans had spent four years preparing against this invasion day.


Initial German opposition in all quarters was less than expected and as aresult Allied losses, in all quarters was less than expected and as a result Allied losses, in general, were much less than expected.  Losses of aircraft carring airborne troops was extremely small although the air-borne attack was on a very large scale.


A high officer at Allied headquarters described the landings as actually the third phase of the battle to crush Hitler, the first having been the gigantic air assault and the second the offensive in Italy.


At the same time word came from Moscow that the Russian army was massing in preparation for another great attack from the east as its part in defeating Germany.


The condition of the sea – the Channel was rough and there was a shower of rain at dawn on D-Day – caused some anxiety at supreme headquarters but the troops got ashore even though many were seasick.


Prime Minister Churchill told the British House of Commons on the day of the invasion that the operation was “undoubtedly the most complicated and difficult which has ever occurred.”


Lt.-Gen. H. D. G. Crerar, the Canadian Army commander, sent a personal message to Canadian assault forces on the eve of the invasion stating he has “complete confidence in our ability to meet the tests which lie ahead.”  He said the Canadians would have a vital part to play in the assault.


“Plans, preparations, methods and technique which will be employed are based on knowledge and experience bought and paid for by the 2nd Canadian Division at Dieppe,” the message said.


“The contribution of that hazardous operation cannot be overestimated.  It will prove to have been an essential prelude to our forthcoming and final success.”


Invasion of France was preceded by two days by the fall of Rome to Allied 5th Army units.  American and Canadian infantrymen and tanks, after being resisted strongly at the Eternal city’s outskirts by hand-fighting rearguards, were the first to enter Italy’s capital.


As the invasion of France progressed beyond its first day, field dispatches declared that the invaders were making excellent progress and were biting deep into France.  Allied invasion headquarters said only that satisfactory progress was being made but unofficial reports placed British, Canadian, and American invasion troops in possession of a 50 mile stretch of the French coast with the depth in some instances 12 miles or more.


Beachheads were reinforced during Tuesday night by airborne troops and from these operations came headquarters’ first announcement of losses suffered by the airborne section of the invasion.  It was stated that 12 big transport planes and 12 gliders were missing from the night’s operations which saw a 50 mile long train of transports and gliders soar across the Channel.


Ross Munro, Canadian War Correspondent, reported from France that in two hours and 45 minutes fighting Canadian troops won their beachhead Tuesday and then shoved on inland.  The strip of coast won by Canada’s soldiers was quite narrow but it provided a base for further penetration.”



The following are excerpts from the June 1944 editions of The Carleton Place Canadian:

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Battle of Ridgeway : Commemoration on June 1st

At 11 a.m. on. June 1, soldiers from the Queen’s Own Rifles of Toronto and the Royal Hamilton Light Infantry (The Rileys) will return to the ground where their regiments fought Canada’s first modern battle against an invading Irish-American Fenian insurgent army in the Battle of Ridgeway, near Fort Erie, on June 2, 1866.

For more information please follow the link below:

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Stearne Tighe Edwards


By Dr. Greg Lodge, Yorkshire, UK

The following story of Captain Stearne Tighe Edwards was written by Dr. Greg Lodge, Yorkshire, UK., who contacted the library in Carleton Place a couple of weeks ago looking for more information, and especially a picture of the plaque dedicated to Stearne, which hangs in St. James Anglican Church.  Dr. Lodge had just visited Stearne’s grave in Tadcaster, Yorkshire, and is busy trying to write up biographies of the WWI Canadian soldiers buried there.  He very much hopes to contact anyone who may have more information about Stearne, and may be reached at:  I did manage to take a picture of the plaque, and have included it in this article, but hope someone may have a better picture that can be sent to Dr. Lodge.  Some of the details of Captain Edwards’ life are from Larry Gray’s book, ‘We Are The Dead”, which he has used with Larry’s permission.


“The various war memorials in and around Tadcaster bear witness to the courage of those who stepped forward to enlist when war threatened. Look at the stories of those commemorated and it is clear that people of Tadcaster and villages did not hesitate – but the war heroes commemorated in Tadcaster came from much further afield. In the town cemetery there is a memorial to Captain Stearne Tighe Edwards – a Canadian air ace who came from Ontario to answer the empire’s call and who is laid to rest here.

Fig 1: Captain Stearne Tighe Edwards

Edwards, Stearne Tighe

Edwards, Stearne Tighe




Captain Edwards was born in Franktown, Ontario, Canada in 1893. As a youth, he was self-reliant and quite serious for his age. He regularly attended church services with his family and was an outstanding athlete at school. He graduated with honours from high school in 1912 and became a civil engineer.


At the start of the Great War Stearne Edwards was working at Port Nelson, Hudson Bay from where he supposedly walked 200 miles to a railway station to get a train bound for home to enlist for military service at the age of 21. He tried to enlist with the Royal Naval Air Service in Carleton Place, Ontario, in 1914, but the RNAS only accepted men who held a private pilot’s licence. His “RNAS Application from Civilian” on August 10, 1915, listed him as age 22, 5’11” tall and weighing 163 pounds. As the Curtiss School in Toronto, Ontario was full, he was accepted into the Wright Aviation School at Dayton, Ohio, USA in August, 1915.  He obtained his licence – Aero Club of America Certificate Number 350 on 13 October, 1915.


Though technically part of the Navy the RNAS was engaged in both fighter and bomber operations on the Western Front.Captain Edwards did both. Hetrained in Chingford and focused on the airborne art of bomb-dropping. He was very soon flying the new Sopwith One-and-a-Half Strutter with 5 Wing. The first operational flight entry in Stearne’s logbook is dated September 1, 1916. On October 12, he was part of a flight of sixty-one French and British aircraft from Luxieul and nearby fields which attacked the Mauser small arms factory at Oberndorf.In March 1917, he was posted to 11 Squadron (RNAS) to begin a new activity – as a fighter pilot. He trained on Nieuport Babys and then was posted to Naval 6 Squadron and then 9 (Naval) Squadron near Bray Dunnes in 1917 where he flew with his great friend F/Sub-Lt. Arthur Roy Brown.


Captain Edwards’ flying was now primarily “offensive patrols,” airborne almost every day and sometimes going on two or three patrols a day. He flew eighty-five flights and nearly 160 hours during the last half of 1917. In August 1917, he was appointed as a flight commander of 209 Squadron. That year his service was recognised with the award of the


Distinguished Service Cross in 1917. The citation in the Supplement to the London Gazette, dated 2 November 1917 noted the award, “in recognition of his services on the following occasions: – On the 3rd September, 1917, with his flight he attacked a two-seater Aviatik. The enemy machine was observed to go down in a vertical nose dive, and the enemy observer was seen to collapse in the cockpit. On the 21st September, 1917, he drove a two-seater enemy machine down out of control. On the 23rd September, 1917, he attacked an Albatross scout, which crashed into the sea. On the same date he attacked three Albatross scouts. One got on the tail of another officer’s machine at very close range, shooting him up very badly. Flt. Cdr. Edwards attacked him from above, and the enemy machine turned on its back and went down in a vertical dive. He followed the enemy machine down to 8,000 feet, when its wings came off, and it fell to the ground.”

The following year Captain Edwards was awarded a bar to the DSC. As the Supplement to the London Gazette, dated 21 June 1918 noted, it was “for conspicuous bravery and most brilliant leadership of fighting patrols against enemy aircraft. On 2 May 1918, whilst leading a patrol of four scouts, he encountered a hostile formation of eight enemy scouts and drove down one enemy machine completely out of control. Soon afterwards, he engaged another formation of six enemy scouts, driving down one to its destruction whilst his patrol accounted for another. He only broke off the fight owing to lack of ammunition. He has destroyed or driven down out of control many enemy machines since he was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross, and has at all times shown the greatest gallantry and a fine offensive spirit.”

It must be said that Captain Edwards took little joy in his victories. Heregarded it as a job to be done and had a real horror of killing, even his so-called enemies. In his prayer book he once wrote a prayer asking forgiveness for taking the life an enemy, and for the safe return of himself and his men. For him, Christianity was a vital thing. His last commanding officer said of him that ‘he never judged a man by what he heard about him….he always took the part of the weak.’ Stearne Edwards had another claim to fame also. His best friend and fellow Canadian ace Arthur Roy Brown. Brown was so badly injured in a crash – the engine block of his plane smashed into his face in the crash – that he was placed in a temporary morgue to await burial. Edwards went to say goodbye but detected signs of life. Medics said he couldn’t be saved but Edwards wasn’t giving up on his friend and commandeered a motorcycle to get a civilian doctor from a nearby town. Brown survived and for many years was credited with making the most notorious “kill” of the war in shooting down the Red Baron – Count Manfred Von Richtofen. Edwards apparently acquired a piece of the Red Baron’s airplane which he sent home.

It is almost impossible for us to appreciate the courage and commitment of these early young fliers. They were virtually making up the rules and pushing themselves and their machines to, and often beyond, endurance. War took its toll on Captain Edwards. On 30 January 1918 he became a flight commander but totally exhausted he eventually suffered a nervous breakdown in May 1918, which was directly attributed to his war service, and was hospitalized. He was recommended on May 24, 1918, by his squadron commander, for promotion to the rank of major. The justification was his exceptional performance in action against the enemy in the air. But his illness, and the bureaucratic slowness of the Air Ministry, precluded the implementation of the promotion.Following his recovery he became a flight instructor and was posted to RAF Tadcaster (previously known as RFC Braham Moor – there is still an original hangar on the site, see below) where he trained pilots in Number 38 Training Squadron – notably Americans who were now in the war but suffering heavy losses in the air over the Western Front – until Armistice ended the slaughter in Europe.

Fig 2: Original Hangar

The Aerodrome

The Aerodrome




This is where the tragedy of war reared its head. To celebrate the end of the war Captain Edwards – who had decided to apply for a permanent commission – took up a Sopwith Pup for a celebration flight.


fig 3: Sopwith Pup in Flight.

Sopwith pup

Sopwith pup




He is reported to have flown over the airfield in a victory roll but could not pull out of a dive, hit a wing tip on the ground and crashed. He was taken to hospital in York and lingered for ten more days. His best friend Roy Brown was there trying to do for Edwards what he had done earlier for Roy Brown – coax him back to life – but to no avail. After a leg was amputated the shock was too much and Captain Edwards died in the early hours of the morning at age 25 – already an “old man” of the RAF. His personal effects including a dog-eared Bible, poker chips and a photo of an unknown girl – maybe a Tadcaster girlfriend?- were returned to his mother. He was buried in Tadcaster – though the Carleton Place Herald reported news of Captain Edwards’ death in the edition of November 26, 1918 and suggested that efforts would be made to repatriate his remains – next to Flight Cadet Charles Theobald, another Canadian who died after crashing on a training flight in October 1918.



.Fig 4: Memorial in Tadcaster Cemetery

War memorial at Tadcaster

War memorial at Tadcaster




In 1920 a plaque commemorating Captain Edwards was unveiled by Roy Brown at St James Anglican Church in Carleton Place, Ontario. The final words on the plaque were “Faithful even unto death”. Roy Brown was supposed to make a speech but simply cried at the loss of his best friend and the waste of war.

Stearme Edwards plaque at St. James Anlgican Church, Carleton Place, Ontario

Stearme Edwards plaque at St. James Anlgican Church, Carleton Place, Ontario




Fig 5: Memorials to Captain Edwards and Flight Cadet Theobald.

Monument to Captain Edwards in Tadcaster, UK

Monument to Captain Edwards in Tadcaster, UK




Monument to Captain Edwards-Tadcaster, UK-2

Monument to Captain Edwards-Tadcaster, UK-2






  1. I am indebted for some details of Captain Edwards’ life to Larry Gray’s book, We Are The Dead, published by General Store Publishing House, Burnstown, Ontario, Canada, K0J 1G0, in 2000. ISBN: 1894263243.
  2. I have kept the spelling Stearne which appears on the grave memorial”


The Soldiers Return : No. 2 Company of the 42nd Regiment, 1914


Carleton Place Herald

Tuesday, June 30, 1914


No 2 Company of the 42nd Regiment arrived home from Petawawa on Friday afternoon last, with Lieut. W. H. Hooper in command.


The boys, while sunburned and travel-strained, moved with a regularity and precision which spoke well for the work of Col. Serg’t McDougall. The 42nd were personally congratulated in camp by H.R.H the Duke of Connaught on their excellent showing on the three days trip to Chalk River. Corporal Brown and Pte. Leakie qualified as two of the best shots in the regiment, while Serg’t Watson upheld the company’s good name in the sporting events.


On arrival at their hall the company dispersed for the year, after cheers for their company, commander and also for Serg’t Major Henry.

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SHARING MEMORIES, WEEK THIRTY-EIGHT: Canada’s Centennial (5) Part Two

Carleton Place Canadian

12 May, 1966

By Howard Morton Brown


The companies of the 42nd Battalion from Perth, Smiths Falls, Almonte, Fitzroy and Landsdowne all were at Brockville within twenty-four hours.  No. 4 Company of Fitzroy, under Captain Allan Fraser, with the greatest distance to travel, mustered at Kinburn, moving from there by wagon to Pakenham and by rail to Brockville.  Captain John A. Macdonald’s history of the Fenian Raids states:

“The Forty Second did very great service in protecting the railway docks and other points of landing at Brockville, besides patrolling the river banks as far east as Maitland, thus keeping up a chain of communication with the garrison at Prescott.  Several ‘scares’ occurred during the time they were on service, which caused sleepless nights, but by their vigilance the Fenians were deterred from making an attack.”

At Prescott, opposite which a large body of Fenians had gathered at Ogdensburg, seven hundred and fifty officers and men were placed under Lieut. Colonel Jackson, Brigade Major of the 8th Brigade Division.  The greatest probability of attack from Fenians assembled at Malone was deemed to be on Cornwall.  The Cornwall command was placed with Lieut. Colonel Atcherly, Deputy Adjutant General of Military District No. 4.  Here the 59th Battalion was mustered, joined by the 41st Battalion by steamboat from Brockville with its Pakenham, Carleton Place, Perth, Merrickville, Brockville and Gananoque companies and accompanied by its Carleton Place battalion band.  A valuable corps of about sixty mounted scouts was gathered, and an armed steamer patrolled the river.  Here as at other Ontario points the Fenians failed to venture across the water in the face of the defences mounted for their reception.  Fenians at Buffalo who had gathered from several states, intending to cross the river after a successful outcome of the Quebec frontier operations, soon returned to their homes and the Fenian Raids of 1870 were at an end.


On Guard Against The Fenians

The 41st Battalion’s Carleton Place No. 5 Company and Band serving at Cornwall totalled fifty-three officers and men, under Captain John Brown and Ensign David McPherson.  Its lieutenant, J. Jones Bell, had left earlier in the month to become an officer of the Ontario Battalion in the expedition to quell the Red River Rebellion.  No. 5 Company non-commissioned officers were Sergeants Robert W. Bell, Ephriam Kilpatrick and Robert Metcalf; Corporals James Moore, A. Hume, William Patterson and William Rattray, and Bandmaster J. C. Bonner.  Of the forty-three privates in the Carleton Place Company and Band on active service at Cornwall no more than three had been with the company in its Brockville service in 1866.  They were George McPherson, George Willis and Richard Willis, all of the regimental band.

Among other No. 5 Company privates from the Carleton Place area serving at Cornwall during the 1870 raids were Samuel Crampton, Frank Boyle, Alex and John Drynan, David Henry, James Irvine, Henry Metcalf, William Moffatt, David Moffatt, blacksmith, and David Moffatt, carpenter, William Munro, George Morphy, William Murray, Daniel McDougall, Brice McNeely, Jerome McNeely and Thomas McNeely, Charles Patterson, William Pittard, William Poole, John Rattray, Duncan Stewart, W. S. Watson, and Alex Wilson.

David Moffatt (1848-1926), carpenter, a private of age 22 during the 1870 raids, became a building contractor and planning mill operator with his brother Samuel, later of Renfrew, and was the father of William, Howard and Lloyd Moffatt.  His father James (1819-1901) lived then in the stone house remaining on the riverside beyond the end of High Street, where David Moffatt senior in 1820 had become one of the early farm settlers of the vicinity of Carleton Place.  Daniel McDougall and later his son Norman were farmers on Glen Isle.  Charles Patterson was then age 19 and a cabinetmaker with William Patterson.  William W. Pittard (1850-1938), who was a printer with the Carleton Place Herald, founded in 1882 the Almonte Times, which he published until his retirement.  Unmarried, he died at age 88 in a fire in his Almonte home.  During the First World War he was mayor of Almonte.  William Poole, age 21, was the eldest son of the Herald publisher.  John Rattray, 21, and Corporal William Rattray, 25, were sons of William Rattray (1812-1898), Beckwith 11th Line farmer who came there with his parents in 1822.

Bandmaster J. C. Bonner recently had opened a shop selling musical instruments and stationery on Bridge Street near Bell Street, and advertised his services as “Band Master, Teacher of Piano, Melodeon, Organ, Voice, Thorough Bass and Harmony, Violin, etcetera.”  Sergeant Robert Metcalf, hotel-keeper, and Corporal William Patterson, cabinetmaker, were the other non-commissioned officers of the battalion’s Carleton Place band at Cornwall.  Other band members included Privates Joseph H. Bond, 30, tinsmith; William Glover, 33, blacksmith; James Morphy, 27, butcher; and James Munro, 39, carpenter; also Alex. McLean, 19, carpenter; John McLean, 25, store clerk; George McPherson, 30, later hotelkeeper; and Franklin Teskey, 29, later a town councillor, son of Appleton miller Joseph Teskey.  Privates George E. Willis, 26, photographer, Richard Willis, 29, and William Willis, 22, sons of Lake Avenue West farmer George Willis; and Joseph Wilson, 27, later hotelkeeper and Alex. Wilson, 20, sons of Dr. William Wilson, completed the 1870 roll of band musicians of the 41st Battalion in its short period of active service at Cornwall.

At the collapse of the Fenian campaign the Canadian militia forces were released from duty, in most cases within ten days of their last service postings, receiving an official statement of the “gratitude and admiration of their Queen and country”.  Reporting on the repulses of the “cut throats in green”, Major Poole wrote:  “The military officers who had an opportunity of observing the conduct of the volunteers speak in enthusiastic terms of their endurance, courage and discipline”.  In Carleton Place a victory ball and supper “in a style not to be surpassed” was held for the volunteers in the stone building on the corner of Bridge and High Streets which was then William Kelly’s British Hotel.

Veterans who had seen active service in Ontario in 1866 or 1870 became entitled eventually to provincial grants of 160 acres of Crown lands.  Service medals, some of which survive as family heirlooms, bear the receiver’s name and rank, a portrait of the queen and a design representing Canada, with a clasp carrying the words Fenian Raid 1866, or 1870.  Eighteen veterans of the Fenian Raids marched at Carleton Place thirty years later, together with Andrew Dunlop, Crimean War medallist, in an impressive parade and reception held in November, 1900, on the return of Alex. C. Cram from the South African War.  Some twenty-five veterans of the Raids who had served with the Carleton Place company and still were residents of the town included Maurice Burke, John Burke, William Beck, John Cavers, William Glover, David Moffatt, James Munro, David McPherson, Patrick Tucker, William Pattie and William Patterson.

Militia appointments of commissioned officers of No. 5 Company, Carleton Place, 41st Brockville Battalion of Rifles, made three years after the 1870 Fenian Raids, were Lieutenant Robert W. Bell as Captain, replacing David McPherson, resigned; Joseph Cram as Lieutenant, and George Gillies as Ensign replacing William Poole, deceased.  Joseph McKay, son of James McKay, Bell Street baker, rose in his long militia service here from lieutenant of No. 5 Company in the late 1870’s  to lieutenant colonel of his regiment at the turn of the century.  Rifle Ranges at Carleton Place were constructed during Lieut. Colonel McKay’s command.  Carleton Place No. 5 Company in the 1890’s had become No. 2 Company of the 42nd Lanark and Renfrew Regiment, which it remained in the years up to the opening of the First World War.  In August 1914, its first twelve volunteers for overseas active service left Carleton Place, commanded by Captain William H. Hooper.  They were sergeants Horace Brown, James McGill and George New; privates Robert Borland, Lochart Campbell, Leonard Halsey, Joseph Hamilton, Harry McLaren, Neil McPhee, Ernest Reynolds and Arthur Simons; and their captain, Will Hooper.

When Canada’s accomplishments of the past and promise of the future are being recognized in the Centennial of Confederation, and honours paid to its defenders and servants of peace and war, the military volunteers who were ready to offer their lives in the confederation decade will have a secure place among those worthy of remembrance.

 Officer in the 41st Brockville Rifle Battalion.  Likely Capt. James Condie Poole, first Company Commander of No. 5 Company (Carleton Place)

Officer in the 41st Brockville Rifle Battalion. Likely Capt. James Condie Poole, first Company Commander of No. 5 Company (Carleton Place)

No. 5 Company (Carleton Place) 41st Brockville Battalion of Rifles:  From left to right: James Storey, William Dack, Donald Stewart, William Duff, Patrick Tucker.

No. 5 Company (Carleton Place) 41st Brockville Battalion of Rifles:
From left to right: James Storey, William Dack, Donald Stewart, William Duff, Patrick Tucker.

These Photos are courtesy of the Carleton Place and Beckwith Heritage Museum.  Thanks Jennifer!


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