War Reports of August 3rd from the Carleton Place Herald

War Reports From

The Carleton Place Herald

Tuesday, August 4th, 1914

Referring to Events Unfolding on August 3rd

 

“The war is on and it is impossible to foretell where it will end.”

“Canada has given prompt and official assurance to the Imperial Government that Canadian people ‘are united in a common resolve to put forth every effort and to make every sacrifice necessary to insure the integrity and maintain the honor of our Empire.’  That message, ….was gratefully acknowledged in a cable received declaring that the motherland welcomed the assurance of the whole-hearted co-operation of the people of Canada.”

“A censorship of cables and wireless messages has been established in Canada.”

“The Minister of Finance is prepared to protect Canadian business interests during the financial crisis caused by the war by every possible means.”

“Sir Edmund Walker, one of Canada’s financial authorities, says Canada has seen the turning point in the hard times.”

“Several Americans have been marooned in Austrian towns.”

“Austro-Hungarian reservists in western Canada have been ordered by the War Department to mobilize.”

“With the gravity of the European situation increasing, Colonel Hughes ordered the Royal Canadian Garrison Artillery and the Royal Canadian Horse Artillery back from Petawawa, the former to Quebec and the latter to Kingston.”

“Sir Donald Mann, vice-president of the Canadian Northern Railway, has offered to take charge of the transportation work in the event of Canadian forces going to the aid of Great Britain if she goes to war in Europe.  Sir Donald’s offer, made to Col. The Hon. Sam Hughes, Minister of Militia, is to go with the forces wherever they may be despatched.”

“The men and officers who have volunteered to go to the front now number about eleven thousand, and if the call for volunteers is officially made it is confidently felt that this number would be multiplied several times.”

“At militia headquarters everything is ready for the word.  If orders are given to mobilize, the necessary steps will be taken instantly to start the work all over the country.”

“All European Governments are calling out reservists in America.”

“Fighting has commenced between Austria-Hungary and Serbia.”

“Toronto and London detachments of the Royal Canadian Regiment left on special trains for Halifax.”

 

 

 

 

 

Editorial from the Carleton Place Herald, July 28, 1914

 

 

The Carleton Place Herald

Tuesday, July 28, 1914

 

“Twenty-five workmen were deported from Ottawa a few days ago by the Borden Government because there was no work in Canada by which they could earn a living.  Does anyone remember deportation for such a reason in the days of Laurier?

In the last four years of the Laurier Government the total expenditure of the Dominion was increased by $11,133,000.  In the first two years of Borden rule the expenditure was increased by $24,285,000.  “Dash away and spend the money” is the Borden policy – and the people pay.

Talking about the gold supply, the Wall St. Journal says that Cecil Rhodes and Hammond changed the entire economic situation of the world in a conversation over a South African camp fire.  Surely the economic control of the world ought to rest with those who produce food and other things that are more useful than gold. –Toronto Star.

Freight rates on the Government railway were increased by the Borden Government.  The working hours of employees on the road have now been reduced and men’s earnings lessened while foreign laborers have been imported to do work which was denied native born citizens.  Workmen and the public generally both suffer from the methods.

Since hard times have come and unemployment has become so widespread, it may be no unmixed evil that immigration is falling off by many thousands.  It is a startling commentary upon the checking of Canadian progress, however, that in the past six months there was a decline of 59 per cent in the emigration from Great Britain to the Dominion.  In June, the figures were even more startling for the decline in emigration from the United Kingdom to Canada was no less than seventy per cent.  Since depression, financial stringency and unemployment have been substituted for the prosperity and expansion which Canada knew during all the years of Liberal administration, the Dominion has ceased to be the land of promise and attraction to our fellow Britishers in the Mother Country.  Nor is it in Britain alone that Canada has ceased to be the land of promise and attraction.  Figures recently issued at Washington show that the flow of American settlers to the Dominion has greatly decreased since the Hard Times Government took office.  During the eleven months ending with May 31st, 1914, the American emigration to Canada practically stood still and, on the other hand there was an increase of six or seven thousand in the number of persons leaving Canada for the United States as compared with the number entering the republic from the Dominion in the full 12 months of 1912.  Comment upon such facts and figures is unnecessary.”

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Timeline of World War One

Timeline of WWI

 

June 28, 1914:

-Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the throne of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and his wife are assassinated in Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia.

 

July 28, 1914:

-Austria-Hungary declares war on Servia.

-Britain orders its warships to various war bases, especially off the northeast coast of Scotland where it can dominate the North Sea and block the German fleet’s access to the world’s oceans.

 

July 29, 1914:

-Bulgaria declares its neutrality.

-Germany mobilizes its navy.

-Russia signs mobilization order to become effective on August 4.

-First engagement of WWI occurs when Austro-Hungarian warships on the Danube River bombard Belgrade, the Serbian capital.  Serbian artillery replies.

 

July 30, 1914:  The Dutch government declares its neutrality in the war.

 

August 1, 1914: 

-Germany begins to mobilize against Russia and declares war.

-France agrees to issue a general mobilization order.

 

August 2, 1914:  German troops occupy neutral Luxembourg demanding free passage through Belgium to pre-empt a French attack on Germany.  Turkey makes secret alliance with Germany.

 

August 3, 1914:

-Belgian government denies Germany free passage through their territory and receives confirmation that Britain and France will provide armed support to combat German attacks.

-Britain signs a general mobilization order.

-Germany declares war against France.

-Italy declares its neutrality.

-Romania declares armed neutrality, but sides with Russia in October, when it closes its borders to German supplies bound for Turkey.

-Turkey declares armed neutrality and mobilizes its forces.

 

August 4, 1914:

-Britain declares war when Germany rejects their ultimatum requesting that their troops leave Belgian soil.  Being a dominion of Britain, Canada is automatically at war on the 4th.

-Germany declares war on Belgium and invades with their First and Second army.

-United States government declares its neutrality.

 

August 5, 1914:

-Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia.

-Montenegro declares war on Austsria-Hungary.

-Germany launches a night attack against Belgium, but is blocked.

-Canada – Governor General declares war between Canada and Germany.

 

August 6, 1914:

-Serbia declares war on Germany.

 

August 7, 1914:

-Advance guard of 100,000-strong British Expeditionary Force reaches Mons, France.

 

August 10:

-France declares war on Austria-Hungary.

-Belgium – the first of Liege’s 12 forts falls to the Germans.

 

August 12:

-Britain declares war on Austria-Hungary.

 

August 12-21:

-Balkans, Serbia-invaded by Austro-Hungarian troops, but after fierce resistance, the invaders begin to withdraw by August 16.

 

August 14:

-Britain – Novelist H. G. Wells calls the conflict “The War to End All Wars.”

 

August 15:

-Japan demands that the Germans evacuate their colony based at the port of Tsingtao in China.

 

August 16:

-Germany – Austrian-born Adolf Hitler volunteers to fight with the German Army, and serves on the Western Front as a messenger, receiving wounds, and receiving various medals for valor.

 

 

 

 

 

The Battle of Lundy’s Lane (1814) – as Remembered in 1914

Carleton Place Herald

July 28, 1914

 

The Battle of Lundy’s Lane

It is interesting to note that in 2014, as we prepare to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the beginning of World War 1, Carleton Place residents of 1914 were remembering the end of another war fought one hundred years earlier – the 1812-1814 war between Canada (Britain) and the United States:

“Saturday (July 25th), was the 100th anniversary of the Battle of Lundy’s Lane.  It was the last important land battle on the frontier between Canada and the United States, and one of the most stubbornly contested, the fight being protracted far into the night.  Both sides claimed it, but there can be no doubt that the American attack was repelled, and the troops retired from the field.  The War of 1812-14 was not Canadian in its origin, although it was fought largely upon Canadian soil.  The dispute arose upon the sea, and Canada was invaded merely because it lay in convenient proximity to the United States.  The Americans did much better upon sea than upon land, where the results of the war were decidedly favorable to Canada.  Saturday’s celebration is remarkable because it commemorates not only the Battle of Lundy’s Lane, but the hundred years of peace and growing frirendship which have followed the war.  There have been disputes and misunderstandings in the century, but they have all been settled without bloodshed.  The relation which exists today does not rest upon sentiment alone.  It is a practical, statesmanlike arrangement.  It is recognized that the highest interests of the two nations are practically identical, and that war between them would be suicidal.”

News Items & Ads from the July 1914 Carleton Place Herald

 

 

Carleton Place Herald

July 28, 1914

 

Entrance Examinations

List of Successful Candidates to the Carleton Place High School:

Glen Allen,

Ellison Arbuckle,

Alice Armstrong,

Alice Bennett,

Ivan Brundige,

Eva Bellamy,

Ethel Cavers, Appleton

Muriel Culbertson,

Leonard Davis,

Peter Dunlop,

Alice Doucett,

Marguerite Ferguson,

Fraser Findlay,

David Findlay,

Mary Fitzgerald,

Lillian Fulton,

Marguerite Fulton,

Thomas Graham,

John Kellough, Appleton,

Victor Kellough,

Myrtle Lambert,

Irene Lahaie,

Hazel Leakey,

Roy Lester, Appleton,

Arthur McDiarmid,

Donald McDiarmid,

Victor McDiarmid,

Jean McDougall,

Eady McFadden,

Helen McNeely,

Lena McGregor,

Eva Montgomery,

Velma Nichols,

Andrew O’Brien, Appleton

Blanche O’Brien,

Harold Playfair,

Marion Sinclair,

Irma Stewart,

Marjorie Timmins,

Cecil Turner, Appleton,

Mabel Walford,

Marion Walton,

Emmett Welsh,

Ina White

 

Books Written in Prison

Carleton Place Herald, July 21, 1914

A Publisher was talking about Oscar Wilde’s strange book, De Profundis with its pathetic cover decoration of a bird beating its wings against the bars of a cell.

“Wilde’s is not the first good book to have been written in jail,” he said.

“Jail, in fact, seems to be a good place to write books in.  Literary men surpass themselves there.”

“John Bunyan wrote Pilgrim’s Progress in jail.”

“Cervantes wrote Don Quixote in prison.”

“Defoe laid the plans for Robinson Crusoe during a term of confinement imposed on him for the writing of a pamphlet called The Shortest Way With the Dissenters.”

“Leigh Hunt wrote Rimini in jail.”

“Sir Walter Raleigh, during his fourteen years’ imprisonment in the Tower of London, wrote his excellent History of the World.”

“Silvio Pellico and Tasso both did their best work in jail.”

July 1914-1_0001July 1914-1_0002

July 1914-1_0003

July 1914-1_0004

Carleton Place Public Library Becomes Part of Region Co-Operative

 

Carleton Place Canadian, 10 March, 1966

 

The Carleton Place Public Library has become a member of the Eastern Ontario Regional Library Co-operative recently set up under a part section of the Public Library Act.  About fifty other libraries and associate libraries in Eastern Ontario have become members.

The purpose of this new organization is the improvement and extension of library services through the co-operative use of the area’s library resources.

The co-operative will be governed by a Regional Board which has been formed with the following persons as its first members:

Mr. W. J. Hodder, Chairman, Ottawa Public Library; Mrs. R. D. Butterill, Vice-Chairman, Nepean Township Public Library; Mr. F. B. Macmillan, Cornwall Public Library; Mr. M. B. Cameron, Brockville Public Library; Mr. D. E. Wolff, Pembroke Public Library; Rev. J. S. Bradley, Renfrew Public Library; Mr. Sarto Leduc, Hawkesbury Public Library; Mrs. Charles O’Reilly, Smiths Falls Public Library; Regional Director and Secretary-Treasurer, Claude B. Aubry, Ottawa Public Library.

The Public Libraries of Ottawa, Pembroke, Cornwall and Brockville have been designated “Resource Libraries”.  As these libraries are repositories of important collections they will play a major role in a rational development of library services within the region.  This will be done mainly through an active exchange of information, books and other library services among themselves as well as through the assistance they can provide to smaller libraries.

It is to be noted that the Regional Board will have no authority over the local Boards, which shall keep their autonomy.

The above information is gleaned from the first Bulletin issued by the Regional Board to member libraries.

 

 

Prelude to World War One – Local News

 

 

     Carleton Place Herald, Tuesday, June 30, 1914

 

The following newsy reports are very representative of the social life in Carleton Place, and other small communities in Canada,  just before the outbreak of World War I.  The community buzzed with excitement over the coming Dominion Day holiday, filled with school picnics, sports events, lawn socials, movies, visiting with friends and family, and church activities.  This idyllic prelude to war would be replaced in a month’s time with the clouds of world war.

 

Remember the 4th of July Excursion to the ‘burg.

 

Almonte and Carleton Place will play lacrosse here next Saturday – a great game expected.

 

To-morrow will be Dominion Day – a national holiday – the 47th anniversary of Confederation.

 

The annual lawn social under the auspices of St. Mary’s church will be held on the 21st July.

 

Early closing – During July and August Taber & Co. will close their store at 5 o’clock, except Saturday.

 

The Herald has entered upon its 65th year – and it has been a continuous weekly visitor to many families in this locality from the start.

 

Special train leaves Arnprior for Carleton Place at 10 o’clock p.m. on Dominion Day.  Big sports program.  Addresses by Sir Wilfrid Laurier, Hon. C. J. Doherty and Hon. G. P. Graham.

 

St. Andrews Sunday school will picnic at Mr. Wm. McDiarmid’s summer home on the lake shore on the afternoon of Dominion Day.

 

Miss Isabel G. Latimer, eldest daughter of the late James Latimer, of Carleton Place, was married on the 27th instant, at Stanford, Conn., to Mr. W. G. Reynolds.  The Herald extends congratulations from the bride’s many friends here.

 

Mr. John O’Brien, of Beckwith, was probably one of the oldest men to vote yesterday, travelling 16 miles to record his ballot.  He was accompanied by his wife, to look after him, whose age is 85.  The old couple travelled in an automobile, their first ride in a motor-vehicle.

 

Remember ‘Zingo’s War in the Clouds’, the big Warrior Feature, Thursday and Friday at the Star.

 

Mr. E. W. Cox, president and General manager of the Canada Life Assurance Co., died in England on Saturday, where he was resting after an operation performed three weeks ago for an affection of the throat.  Hemorrhage was the cause of death.  Mr. Cox was 50 years of age.

 

Full Carload of Buggies just received, comprising all the new styles – Auto Seat, Twin Auto Seat, Fan Seat and Triple Auto Seat.  Intending purchasers will do well to see my display before buying.  A call will convince you of the quality of our work.

W. J. Warren, Warehouse at Blacksmith Shop.

 

Wool Wanted – Any quantity of Washed or Unwashed Wool, for which the highest market price will be paid.

J. F. Cram & Sons.

 

A Montreal manufacturing concern requires the service, either in whole or spare time, of an energetic lady in Carleton Place to form “Clubs”.  The work is light, pleasant and social.  An excellent opportunity for a lady of energy.  Steady salary paid that increases monthly.  References required.  Address – Pure Food Supply Company Limited, Pure Food Building, Montreal.

 

Smiths Falls is having a demonstration tomorrow.

 

Mr. John Lee has been turnkey in the county jail at Perth for 40 years.

 

Full list of Sports at the Burg on the 4th July.  Do not miss this popular trip.

 

Mr. and Mrs. T. E. Sunbury left yesterday for a month’s holidays in the Eastern townships.

 

Mr. James Creighton, who spent the winter in British Columbia, has returned to Carleton Place.

 

Arnprior is drawing most of our people tomorrow, the firemen and the baseball boys taking part in the doings.

 

Miss Jean Cavers is spending some holidays at home, having recently completed her course in the McDonald Institute at Guelph.

 

Mrs. J. H. Lowe, of Joliette, Que., and little daughter, are spending a couple of weeks with her parents here, Mr. and Mrs. D. Sutherland.

 

Excursion to Ogdensburg, July 4th.  Train leaves Carleton Place at 8:50 a.m.  Fare $1.65.

 

The Maple Leaf Football Club (Ramsay) has reorganized for the season with a good strong team and hope to retain the championship form of last year.

 

The members of Court Mississippi No. 78, I.O.F., attended service in St. James Church on Sunday evening.  The weather was very unfavorable for a large turnout.  Rev. Canon Elliott preached a strong sermon appropriate to the occasion.

 

Master Andrew Hughton, one of our High School students, who has been seriously ill for about a fortnight, is improving slowly, although still confined to his bed.  His illness unfortunately prevented his writing at the examinations now in progress, much to the regret of his fellow students.

 

Tuesday and Wednesday, this week, the Star features “The Whimsical Threads of Destiny,” in two parts.

 

By a recent decision of the Post master general the rate on newspapers is to be raised from ¼ cent per pound bulk to ¼ cent for each paper, and in cities to 1 cent for each paper.  This will mean in the case of dailies a rate exceeding the subscription price and for weeklies better than half the subscription price.

 

St. Andrews Sunday School Annual Picnic on Wednesday afternoon, July 1st, at Mr. Wm. McDiarmid’s summer home.  First boats will leave the wharf at 12:30 noon.

 

Sunday was Children’s Day in the Methodist church and a special service was held in the morning.  The pastor, Dr. Sparling, delivered an address appropriate to the occasion, and the junior choir rendered special music.  The Sunday School Orchestra, of seven pieces, accompanied by the pipe organ, supplied the music.  The church was very prettily decorated with flowers and potted plants, and the service throughout was very much appreciated by those present.

 

 

 

Dirigible R-100 Passed Over Carleton Place, August 1930

 

 

From The Carleton Place Canadian, August 13, 1930

Thanks goes to Janet Baril, librarian turned volunteer for the Carleton Place Public Library, who discovered the following article about the R-100!

 

Dirigible R-100

Dirigible R-100

Visit Chris Bateman’s post on blogTO for more info and pictures of the R-100:  http://www.blogto.com/city/2013/05/that_time_a_giant_airship_darkened_torontos_skies 

D-DAY, June 6, 1944 : Report from The Carleton Place Canadian

IMG_0005

Allied Forces Land In France Tuesday Morning

From

The Carleton Place Canadian

June 8, 1944

 

“Long Awaited D-Day Arrives when Thousands of Troops

Consolidate Position in French Territory

 

By Michael O’Mara

Canadian Press Staff Writer

 

D-Day arrived Tuesday when British, American and Canadian troops landed on the Normandy coast of France and began what Gen. Eisenhower called a crusade in which “we will accept nothing less than full victory.”

 

Initial landings of the greatest amphibious assault in history were preceeded by Allied heavy bombings of the invasion coast and were accompanied by a mammoth air cover, 11,00 aircraft in all taking part in the operations.  Seaborne troops, headed by Gen. Montgomery surged across the Channel from England by 4,000 regular ships and additional thousands of smaller craft.

 

They were preceded by massed flights of parachute and glider forces who landed during the dark.  More than 640 naval guns, ranging from 4 to 16-inch, hurled many tons of shells accurately into coastal fortifications which the Germans had spent four years preparing against this invasion day.

 

Initial German opposition in all quarters was less than expected and as aresult Allied losses, in all quarters was less than expected and as a result Allied losses, in general, were much less than expected.  Losses of aircraft carring airborne troops was extremely small although the air-borne attack was on a very large scale.

 

A high officer at Allied headquarters described the landings as actually the third phase of the battle to crush Hitler, the first having been the gigantic air assault and the second the offensive in Italy.

 

At the same time word came from Moscow that the Russian army was massing in preparation for another great attack from the east as its part in defeating Germany.

 

The condition of the sea – the Channel was rough and there was a shower of rain at dawn on D-Day – caused some anxiety at supreme headquarters but the troops got ashore even though many were seasick.

 

Prime Minister Churchill told the British House of Commons on the day of the invasion that the operation was “undoubtedly the most complicated and difficult which has ever occurred.”

 

Lt.-Gen. H. D. G. Crerar, the Canadian Army commander, sent a personal message to Canadian assault forces on the eve of the invasion stating he has “complete confidence in our ability to meet the tests which lie ahead.”  He said the Canadians would have a vital part to play in the assault.

 

“Plans, preparations, methods and technique which will be employed are based on knowledge and experience bought and paid for by the 2nd Canadian Division at Dieppe,” the message said.

 

“The contribution of that hazardous operation cannot be overestimated.  It will prove to have been an essential prelude to our forthcoming and final success.”

 

Invasion of France was preceded by two days by the fall of Rome to Allied 5th Army units.  American and Canadian infantrymen and tanks, after being resisted strongly at the Eternal city’s outskirts by hand-fighting rearguards, were the first to enter Italy’s capital.

 

As the invasion of France progressed beyond its first day, field dispatches declared that the invaders were making excellent progress and were biting deep into France.  Allied invasion headquarters said only that satisfactory progress was being made but unofficial reports placed British, Canadian, and American invasion troops in possession of a 50 mile stretch of the French coast with the depth in some instances 12 miles or more.

 

Beachheads were reinforced during Tuesday night by airborne troops and from these operations came headquarters’ first announcement of losses suffered by the airborne section of the invasion.  It was stated that 12 big transport planes and 12 gliders were missing from the night’s operations which saw a 50 mile long train of transports and gliders soar across the Channel.

 

Ross Munro, Canadian War Correspondent, reported from France that in two hours and 45 minutes fighting Canadian troops won their beachhead Tuesday and then shoved on inland.  The strip of coast won by Canada’s soldiers was quite narrow but it provided a base for further penetration.”

 

IMG_0004

The following are excerpts from the June 1944 editions of The Carleton Place Canadian:

pic 3

 

IMG_0006

 pic 2

 

 

 pic 5

 

pic 1

pic 4

pic 6

Battle of Ridgeway : Commemoration on June 1st

At 11 a.m. on. June 1, soldiers from the Queen’s Own Rifles of Toronto and the Royal Hamilton Light Infantry (The Rileys) will return to the ground where their regiments fought Canada’s first modern battle against an invading Irish-American Fenian insurgent army in the Battle of Ridgeway, near Fort Erie, on June 2, 1866.

For more information please follow the link below:

http://bulletnewsniagara.ca/index.php?p=Sections&id=1314

Published in: on May 31, 2014 at 1:54 pm  Leave a Comment  
Tags: ,
Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 25 other followers